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Strong evidence implicates prefrontal cortex (PFC) as a major source of functional impairment in severe mental illness such as schizophrenia. Numerous schizophrenia studies report deficits in PFC structure, activation, and functional connectivity in patients with chronic illness, suggesting that deficient PFC functional connectivity occurs in this disorder.(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that children with autism spectrum disorder are accompanied by specific anatomical alterations. However, the anatomical abnormalities in adults with autism spectrum disorder are poorly understood. This study was aimed to identify the neuroanatomical substrates underlying the pathophysiology of adults with autism(More)
Notch signaling plays a complex role in human malignancies. It can affect cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis either positively or negatively, depending on cell type. In the present study we measured the expression of Notch1 in clinical glioma specimens and investigated a possible association between Notch1 expression and World Health(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have revealed brain structural abnormalities in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, involving both gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM). However, the results of previous publications were based on average differences between groups, which limited their usages in clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of(More)
Benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME) has been mapped to chromosome 8q23.3–q24.1, 2p11.1–q12.1, 5p15.31–p15.1, and 3q26.32–3q28, in Japanese, Italian, Thai, and French pedigrees, respectively. Recently, we investigated a Chinese BAFME family. Clinical and electrophysiological studies revealed that nine individuals were affected with BAFME. We(More)
Though numerous studies have implicated structural abnormalities in chronically depressive patients, relatively little attention has been paid to the brain alterations in patients experiencing first episode depression (FED). The investigation of FED is important for elucidating the core pathophysiology of this disease independent of other potentially(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in dopaminergic neurodegeneration. However, the kinds of proteins involved in the response to oxidative stress remain unclear. In the present study, SH-SY5Y cells were treated with neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-pyridinium ion (MPP+) to induce apoptotic neuronal injury. 2D-DIGE followed(More)
White matter (WM) abnormalities have long been suspected in major depressive disorder (MDD). Tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) studies have detected abnormalities in fractional anisotropy (FA) in MDD, but the available evidence has been inconsistent. We performed a quantitative meta-analysis of TBSS studies contrasting MDD patients with healthy control(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide and recent studies implicate a central role for ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) impairment in the etiopathogenesis of PD. To explore the possible role of UPS dysfunction in PD and the proteins involved, PC12 cells were treated with 10μM lactacystin, a 20S proteasome(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an early-onset neurodevelopmental disorder with multiple behavioural problems and executive dysfunctions for which neuroimaging studies have reported a variety of abnormalities, with inconsistencies partly owing to confounding by medication and concurrent psychiatric disease. We aimed to(More)