Xinyong Dong

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Movement, the fundamental component of behavior and the principal extrinsic action of the brain, is produced when skeletal muscles contract and relax in response to patterns of action potentials generated by motoneurons. The processes that determine the firing behavior of motoneurons are therefore important in understanding the transformation of neural(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated synaptic transmission is implicated in activity-dependent developmental reorganization in mammalian brain, including sensory systems and spinal motoneuron circuits. During normal development, synaptic interactions important in activity-dependent modification of neuronal circuits may be driven spontaneously(More)
The movements that define behavior are controlled by motoneuron output, which depends on the excitability of motoneurons and the synaptic inputs they receive. Modulation of motoneuron excitability takes place over many time scales. To determine whether motoneuron excitability is specifically modulated during the active versus the quiescent phase of rhythmic(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) modulate neuronal function by affecting excitability and altering synaptic transmission. We have shown that the mGluR agonist (1S,3R)-1-amino-1, 3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) has multiple actions on phrenic motoneurons (PMNs), including reduction of inspiratory-modulated synaptic currents and an(More)
To determine physiological roles of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) affecting breathing, we examined the effects of (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) on synaptic transmission and excitability of phrenic motoneurons (PMNs) in an in vitro neonatal rat brainstem/spinal cord preparation. The effects of 1S,3R-ACPD were(More)
To examine the time course of the histopathological effects of bilateral injections of amyloid-beta 25-35 (A beta) and to determine if these effects are associated with a reduction in choline acetyltransferase activity and behavioral impairments, we injected A beta (5.0 nmol) into the amygdala of young male Fischer rats. Control rats received vehicle(More)
The involvement and mechanisms of adenosine A1 receptors in regulating bulbospinal synaptic transmission of inspiratory drive to phrenic motoneurons were investigated. The adenosine analog N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) induced a dose-dependent decrease of both inspiratory-modulated activity of C4 ventral roots and synaptic currents of phrenic motoneurons in(More)
To determine if amyloid-beta (A beta) induces tau-immunoreactivity (IR) and reactive astrocytosis in vivo, we injected A beta 25-35 (5.0 nmol) into the right amygdala of rats. At 8 days postinjection, the peptide induced tau-2 IR in neuronal cell bodies and processes ipsilaterally in the amygdala, cingulate cortex, and hippocampus. At 32 days postinjection,(More)
Two experiments were performed. In the first, the cholinotoxin, AF64A (0.5, 1.0 or 1.5 nmol/ventricle), or vehicle (3.0 microliters) was injected (ICV) bilaterally into male rats (n = 23). Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) immunoreactive (IR) perikarya in the four subgroups of the septal complex were visualized by immunocytochemistry (PAP method) 28 days(More)
This study was conducted to estimate dietary zinc (Zn) levels on growth performance, carcass traits, and intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition in weaned piglets. Sixty piglets were randomly divided into five groups, as follows: control (basal diet), Zn250, Zn380, Zn570, and Zn760 with supplementation of 250, 380, 570, and 760 mg Zn/kg of the basal diet,(More)