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Limb remote ischemic postconditioning (LRIP) has been confirmed to reduce the ischemia-reperfusion injury but its mechanisms are still not clear. This study clarified the mechanism of LRIP based on the nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase and Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)-Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated(More)
This work reports the first application of diarylthiazolidin-2,4-diones as nucleophiles in asymmetric catalysis. By utilizing chiral amino acid-based (thio)urea-tertiary amines as the catalysts, we successively established asymmetric conjugate addition to nitroolefins and sulfenylation to N-(sulfanyl)-succinimides of diarylthiazolidin-2,4-diones. Two series(More)
YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM) is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People's Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this(More)
In the presence of an L-tert-leucine-derived urea-ammonium salt as phase-transfer catalyst, a highly enantioselective alkylation of 5H-oxazol-4-ones with various benzyl bromides and allylic bromides has been developed to furnish catalytic asymmetric synthesis of biologically important dialkylated α-hydroxy carboxylic acids with a broad scope. This is the(More)
An L-amino acid based urea-tertiary amine-catalyzed enantioselective stereoablative carboxylation of 3-bromooxindoles with malonic acid half thioesters (MAHTs) and diverse commercially available carboxylic acids has been developed. A series of valuable 3-substituted 3-hydroxy-2-oxindoles were obtained in high enantioselectivities (up to 93% ee). This(More)
The application rate of nitrogen fertilizer was believed to dramatically influence greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from paddy fields. Thus, providing a suitable nitrogen fertilization rate to ensure rice yields, reducing GHG emissions and exploring emission behavior are important issues for field management. In this paper, a two year experiment with six(More)
The first enantioselective tungstate-catalyzed oxidation reaction is presented. High enantioselectivities were achieved for a variety of drug-like phenyl and heterocyclic sulfides under mild conditions with H2 O2 , a cheap and environmentally friendly oxidant. Synthetic utility was demonstrated through the preparation of (S)-Lansoprazole, a commercial(More)
An organocatalytic asymmetric reaction of benzofuran-2(3H)-ones with naphthoquinones is disclosed. The current method provides a direct way to facilitate arylation of benzofuran-2(3H)-ones in high yields with excellent enantioselectivities. A cooperative visible light photocatalysis with asymmetric hydrogen-bond catalysis has also been developed, thus(More)
This paper describes the design and construction of a compact, "user-friendly" polarization-modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS) instrument at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) of Brookhaven National Laboratory, which allows studying surfaces at pressures ranging from ultra-high vacuum to 100 Torr. Surface infrared(More)
Catalytic use of peroxomolybdate for asymmetric transformations has attracted increasing attention due to its catalytic properties and application in catalysis. Herein, we report chiral bisguanidinium dinuclear oxodiperoxomolybdosulfate [BG](2+)[(μ-SO4)Mo2O2(μ-O2)2(O2)2](2-) ion pair, as a catalyst for enantioselective sulfoxidation using aqueous H2O2 as(More)