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We report herein an efficient, general and green method for decarboxylative fluorination of aliphatic carboxylic acids. By using a transition-metal-free, organocatalytic photoredox system, the reaction of various aliphatic carboxylic acids with the Selectfluor reagent afforded the corresponding alkyl fluorides in satisfactory yields under visible light… (More)
The first example of a highly enantioselective and scalable formal diaza-ene reaction between N-monosubstituted hydrazones and enones catalyzed by a simple chiral primary-second diamine salt has been developed. The catalytic process provides a highly practical and stereoselective synthetic method for chiral hydropyridazines.
The paper analyses the effect of R&D and technology import on firm performance in Shanghai. We consider R&D and technology spill-over to be heterogeneous treatments, and using econometric matching, we account for possible selection bias. Our results suggest that, when compared to companies without any treatment, firms that receive either or both of our… (More)
We report herein a highly efficient intramolecular coupling reaction of tertiary amines and ketones (α,β-unsaturated ketones) by using a Brønsted acid as a cocatalyst, affording 2-arylindols in good to excellent yields (up to 92%) under visible light irradiation at room temperature.
An unprecedented remote construction of chiral vicinal tertiary and quaternary centers by a catalytic asymmetric 1,6-conjugate addition of prochiral carbon nucleophiles to cyclic dienones has been developed. Both 5H-oxazol-4-ones and 2-oxindoles were found to be very efficient carbon nucleophiles in this reaction at a remote position, giving products with… (More)
A diastereodivergent catalytic asymmetric Michael addition of 2-oxindoles to α,β-unsaturated ketones has been successfully developed with two complementary chiral diamine catalysts, affording chiral 3,3-disubstituted oxindoles with two adjacent chiral centers. Diastereodivergence has been realized through modifying substrates and utilizing different… (More)