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In order to evaluate the repair potential in large osteochondral defects on high load-bearing sites, a hybrid scaffold system was made of three-dimensional porous Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold for the cartilage and tricalcium phosphate-reinforced PCL for the bone portion. Osteochondral defects of 4-mm diameter x 5.5-mm depth were created in the medial… (More)
A fibrous scaffold made of alginate or alginate/chitosan was fabricated for annulus fibrosus (AF) cell culture using a wet-spinning and lyophilization technique. The scaffolds were evaluated using several in vitro tests. Scanning electron microscopy showed the scaffold fibers generally aligned in one direction with individual fiber diameters varying between… (More)
Designing biomaterials to mimic and function within the complex mechanobiological conditions of connective tissues requires a detailed understanding of the micromechanical environment of the cell. The objective of our study was to measure the in situ cell-matrix strains from applied tension in both tendon fascicles and cell-seeded type I collagen scaffolds… (More)
The old one two: A sequential iridium-catalyzed borylation and copper-catalyzed trifluoromethylation of arenes is described (see scheme; Pin = pinacol). The reaction is conducted under mild reaction conditions and tolerates a variety of functional groups. The advantages of this tandem procedure are demonstrated by the late-stage trifluoromethylation of a… (More)
A highly efficient Rh-catalyzed carbenoid addition to trifluoromethylthioether for the formation of trifluoromethyl-substituted sulfonium ylide is described. The trifluoromethyl-substituted sulfonium ylide can act as an electrophilic trifluoromethylation reagent, as demonstrated by trifluoromethylation of β-ketoesters and aryl iodides.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. We aimed to find novel molecules as potential biomarkers for the early diagnosis of CRC. A serum-free conditioned medium was successfully collected from three pairs of CRC tissue and adjacent normal tissue. iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis was applied to compare the… (More)
[structure: see text]The solid-supported synthesis of a bicyclic diketopiperazine, a potential peptide beta-turn mimetic, is described. The Ugi reaction between the resin ester of alpha-N-Boc-diaminopropionic acid (an amine input), alpha-bromo acid, aldehyde, and isocyanide is the key step in the proposed protocol.
Healing ligaments have inferior mechanical properties compared to normal ligaments during early healing intervals. The purpose of this study was to investigate if in vivo ligament repair with an interpositional allograft and treatment with hyaluronic acid (HA) would improve the mechanical properties of a medial collateral ligament (MCL) healing from a gap… (More)
A family of electrophilic trifluoromethanesulfenates was prepared. Structure-reactivity relationship studies showed that the substituted groups on the aryl ring of the trifluoromethylthiolating reagent did not have an obvious influence on their reactivities. A simplified electrophilic trifluoromethylthiolating reagent 1c was then identified that can react… (More)