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C2-domains are widespread protein modules with diverse Ca2+-regulatory functions. Although multiple Ca2+ ions are known to bind at the tip of several C2-domains, the exact number of Ca2+-binding sites and their functional relevance are unknown. The first C2-domain of synaptotagmin I is believed to play a key role in neurotransmitter release via its(More)
C2 domains are found in many proteins involved in membrane traffic or signal transduction. Although C2 domains are thought to bind calcium ions, the structural basis for calcium binding is unclear. Analysis of calcium binding to C2 domains of synaptotagmin I and protein kinase C-beta by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed a bipartite(More)
C2 domains are widespread Ca2+-binding modules that are particularly abundant in proteins involved in membrane traffic and signal transduction. The C2A domain of synaptotagmin I is believed to play a key role in neurotransmitter release through its Ca2+-dependent interactions with syntaxin and phospholipids. Elucidating the structural consequences of Ca2+(More)
In order to evaluate the repair potential in large osteochondral defects on high load-bearing sites, a hybrid scaffold system was made of three-dimensional porous Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold for the cartilage and tricalcium phosphate-reinforced PCL for the bone portion. Osteochondral defects of 4-mm diameter x 5.5-mm depth were created in the medial(More)
AIMS Tea tree oil (TTO) has been confirmed in previous study as a potential natural antifungal agent to control Botrytis cinerea and grey mould in fresh fruit. However, the mechanism of its action has not been clearly revealed, and some hypotheses mainly depended on the results obtained from the bacterial test. For the antifungal mechanism, the effect of(More)
Synaptotagmin I is a Ca2+-binding protein of synaptic vesicles that serves as a Ca2+ sensor for neurotransmitter release and was the first member found of a large family of trafficking proteins. We have now identified a novel synaptotagmin, synaptotagmin XI, that is highly expressed in brain and at lower levels in other tissues. Like other synaptotagmins,(More)
A fibrous scaffold made of alginate or alginate/chitosan was fabricated for annulus fibrosus (AF) cell culture using a wet-spinning and lyophilization technique. The scaffolds were evaluated using several in vitro tests. Scanning electron microscopy showed the scaffold fibers generally aligned in one direction with individual fiber diameters varying between(More)
Designing biomaterials to mimic and function within the complex mechanobiological conditions of connective tissues requires a detailed understanding of the micromechanical environment of the cell. The objective of our study was to measure the in situ cell-matrix strains from applied tension in both tendon fascicles and cell-seeded type I collagen scaffolds(More)
AIMS The essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) has been evaluated as a potential eco-friendly antifungal agent against Botrytis cinerea. In this study, we investigated the antifungal activity and mode of action of tea tree oil (TTO) and its components against B. cinerea. METHODS AND RESULTS Of the components we tested in contact phase,(More)
The human herpes virus Epstein-Barr (EBV) is clearly associated with African Burkitt's lymphoma and the undifferentiated form of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EBV has been implicated in other types of lymphoma, as well as in some human breast cancers. However, its route of entry into epithelial cells is incompletely understood. We report here evidence(More)