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Ionic liquids are liquids composed completely of ions. In the past two decades, ionic liquids have been widely used as "green solvents" replacing traditional organic solvents for organic synthesis and catalysis. In addition, ionic liquids are playing an increasingly important role in separation science. In this Account, the application of ionic liquids in(More)
Hormones are critical for cell differentiation, elongation, and division. The plant hormone auxin plays vital roles in plant growth and development and is essential for various physiologic processes. Previous studies showed that germin-like proteins (GLPs) are involved in multiple physiologic and developmental processes and that several GLP members could(More)
The photoreceptor pigment of the heterotrich ciliate, Maristentor dinoferus, has been characterized. It is structurally similar to those of Stentor coeruleus and Blepharisma japonicum but differs significantly in that it bears no aromatic hydrogens. The structure of the pigment, maristentorin, is based upon the hypericin skeleton, and its spectra are nearly(More)
[reaction: see text] Several organic reactions conducted at high temperatures, including the isomerization reaction, the Claisen rearrangement, and the Diels-Alder reaction, were investigated in three geminal dicationic ionic liquids with high thermal stability. High to moderate yields of the products for most entries were obtained. Advantages of these(More)
A new synthetic polymeric chiral stationary phase for liquid chromatography was prepared via free-radical-initiated polymerization of trans-9,10-dihydro-9,10-ethanoanthracene-(11S,12S)-11,12-dicarboxylic acid bis-4-vinylphenylamide. The new polymeric chiral stationary phase (CSP) showed enantioselectivity for many chiral compounds in multiple mobile phases.(More)
Through the expansion of Medicaid eligibility and increases in core federal grant funding, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) sought to increase the capacity of community health centers to provide primary care to low-income populations. We examined the effects of the ACA Medicaid expansion and changes in federal grant levels on the centers' numbers of patients,(More)
[Reaction: see text] Six chiral ionic liquids were prepared and evaluated as "chiral induction solvents" in which two different dibenzobicyclo[2.2.2]octatrienes were photoisomerized to chiral products. Enantiomeric excesses from 3 to 12% were obtained from the photochemical di-pi-methane rearrangement. Results indicate that the chiral induction derives from(More)
The interaction of the highly cross-reactive anti-PAH monoclonal antibody with four diastereomeric benzo[a]pyrene tetrols (BPTs) is studied by means of fluorescence line-narrowing spectroscopy. It is shown that the interaction of enantiomers of cis-BPT and trans-BPT with the antibody involves different complex geometries. These spatially different(More)
It is known that room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have wide applicability in many scientific and technological fields. In this work, a series of three new dicationic room-temperature ionic liquids functionalized with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) linkages were synthesized and characterized via a linear solvation model. The application of these ILs as(More)
Stem cell-based therapies have been used for repairing damaged brain tissue and helping functional recovery after brain injury. Aberrance neurogenesis is related with brain injury, and multipotential neural stem cells from human embryonic stem (hES) cells provide a great promise for cell replacement therapies. Optimized protocols for neural differentiation(More)