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Hydrogen sulfide (H 2 S), produced by cystanthionine-γ-lysase (CSE) in the cardiovascular system, has been suggested to be the third gasotransmitter in addition to nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO). The present study aimed to investigate the role of H 2 S in ischemic postconditioning (IPO) during the early period of reperfusion. IPO with 6 episodes(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has been shown to protect neurons against oxidative stress. Lower levels of H(2)S as well as accumulation of homocysteine (Hcy), a strong risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), are reported in the brains of AD patients. The aim of present study is to explore the protection of H₂S against Hcy-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis and the(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction contributes to the neurotoxicity of 1-methy-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)). Increasing studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an endogenous antioxidant gas. We have hypothesized that MPP(+)-caused neurotoxicity may involve the imbalance of proportion to this endogenous protective antioxidant gas.(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) has caused seasonal influenza epidemics and influenza pandemics, which resulted in serious threat to public health and socioeconomic impacts. Until now, only 5 drugs belong to two categories are used for prophylaxis and treatment of IAV infection. Hemagglutinin (HA), the envelope glycoprotein of IAV, plays a critical role in viral(More)
Both elevated homocysteine and decreased hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) are observed in the brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction contributes to the neurotoxicity of homocysteine; however, H(2)S is an endogenous antioxidant gas. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the imbalance of(More)
Influenza A viral (IAV) fusion peptides are known for their important role in viral-cell fusion process and membrane destabilization potential which are compatible with those of antimicrobial peptides. Thus, by replacing the negatively or neutrally charged residues of FPs with positively charged lysines, we synthesized several potent antimicrobial peptides(More)
HSF1, a conserved heat shock factor, has emerged as a key regulator of mammalian transcription in response to cellular metabolic status and stress. To our knowledge, it is not known whether HSF1 regulates viral transcription, particularly HIV-1 and its latent form. Here we reveal that HSF1 extensively participates in HIV transcription and is critical for(More)
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