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Here we report that low concentrations of alcohol (1–3 mM) increased Cl− currents gated by a recombinant GABAA receptor, α4β2δ, by 40–50% in Xenopus laevis oocytes. We also found greater hippocampal expression of receptors containing α4 and δ subunits, using a rat model of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in which 1–3 mM alcohol preferentially enhanced(More)
Transgenesis is a valuable methodology for studying gene expression patterns and gene function. It has recently become available for research on some parasitic nematodes, including Strongyloides stercoralis. Previously, we described a vector construct, comprising the promoter and 3' UTR of the S. stercoralis gene Ss era-1 that gives expression of GFP in(More)
Here we report that low concentrations of alcohol (1-3 mM) increased Cl(-) currents gated by a recombinant GABA(A) receptor, alpha(4)beta(2)delta, by 40-50% in Xenopus laevis oocytes. We also found greater hippocampal expression of receptors containing alpha(4) and delta subunits, using a rat model of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in which 1-3 mM alcohol(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether Strongyloides stercoralis FKTF-1, a transcription factor of the FOXO/FKH family and the likely output of insulin/IGF signal transduction in that parasite, has the same or similar developmental regulatory capabilities as DAF-16, its structural ortholog in Caenorhabditis elegans. To this end, both splice(More)
Critical investigations into the cellular and molecular biology of parasitic nematodes have been hindered by a lack of modern molecular genetic techniques for these organisms. One such technique is transgenesis. To our knowledge, the findings reported here demonstrate the first heritable DNA transformation and transgene expression in the intestinal parasite(More)
Genetic transformation is a potential tool for analyzing gene function and thereby identifying new drug and vaccine targets in parasitic nematodes, which adversely affect more than one billion people. We have previously developed a robust system for transgenesis in Strongyloides spp. using gonadal microinjection for gene transfer. In this system, transgenes(More)
In the present study, we have characterized properties of steroid withdrawal using a pseudopregnant rat model. This paradigm results in increased production of endogenous progesterone from ovarian sources and as such is a useful physiological model. “Withdrawal” from progesterone induced by ovariectomy on day 12 of pseudopregnancy resulted in increased(More)
Strongyloides and related genera are advantageous subjects for transgenesis in parasitic nematodes, primarily by gonadal microinjection as has been used with Caenorhabditis elegans. Transgenesis has been achieved in Strongyloides stercoralis and in Parastrongyloides trichosuri, but both of these lack well-adapted, conventional laboratory hosts in which to(More)
Heretofore, transgenesis in the parasitic nematode genus Strongyloides has relied on microinjecting transgene constructs into gonadal syncytia of free-living females. We now report transgenesis in Strongyloides stercoralis by microinjecting constructs into the syncytial testes of free-living males. Crosses of individual males microinjected with a construct(More)
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