Xinquan Zhang

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BACKGROUND Quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR) is an important technique for analyzing differences in gene expression due to its sensitivity, accuracy and specificity. However, the stability of the expression of reference genes is necessary to ensure accurate qRT-PCR assessment of expression in genes of interest. Perennial ryegrass(More)
Ethylene response factors (ERF) play crucial roles in plant development and response to stresses. Here, a novel cDNA fragment (MsERF8) encoding an ERF protein with an AP2 domain was isolated and characterized from alfalfa. The MsERF8 cDNA has an open reading frame of 603 bp and encodes a nuclear protein of 201 amino acids. Q-RT-PCR analysis revealed that(More)
Improvement of endogenous polyamine (PA) levels by exogenous spermidine (Spd) application in leaves may promote drought tolerance of plants. In this study, leaves of creeping bentgrass (cv. ‘Penn-A4’) were pretreated with 0.2 mmol Spd every another day for three cycles before water was limited for 15 days in a growth chamber. The application of exogenous(More)
Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR) is a sensitive and powerful technique for measuring differential gene expression; however, changes in gene expression induced by abiotic stresses are complex and multifaceted. Therefore, a set of stably expressed reference genes for data normalization is required. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.)(More)
Start codon targeted polymorphism (SCoT) analysis was employed to distinguish 37 whipgrass (Hemarthria compressa L.) clones and assess the genetic diversity and population structure among these genotypes. The informativeness of markers was also estimated using various parameters. Using 25 highly reproducible primer sets, 368 discernible fragments were(More)
Endogenous polyamine (PA) may play a critical role in tolerance to water stress in plants acting as a signaling molecule activator. Water stress caused increases in endogenous PA content in leaves, including putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd), and spermine (Spm). Exogenous application of Spd could induce the instantaneous H2O2 burst and accumulation of(More)
This study was designed to determine the effect of exogenous spermidine (Spd) (30 μM) on white clover seed germination under water stress induced by polyethylene glycol 6000. Use of seed priming with Spd improved seed germination percentage, germination vigor, germination index, root viability and length, and shortened mean germination time under different(More)
— This paper addresses the robust stabilization problem for a class of switched linear systems affected by time-varying uncertainties with saturating actuators. The objective is to design a switching law and a state feedback control law such that the closed-loop system is asymptotically stable at the origin with a large domain of attraction. Via the(More)
The objective of this research was to analyse whether ameliorating drought stress through exogenously applied spermine (Spm) was related to carbohydrate metabolism, dehydrins accumulation and the transcription of genes encoding dehydrins in two white clovers (drought-susceptible cv. 'Ladino' and drought-resistant cv. 'Haifa') under controlled drying(More)