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The stacking of Golgi cisternae involves GRASP65 and GRASP55. The oligomerization of the N-terminal GRASP domain of these proteins, which consists of two tandem PDZ domains, is required to tether the Golgi membranes. However, the molecular basis for GRASP assembly is unclear. Here, we determined the crystal structures of the GRASP domain of GRASP65 and(More)
Formation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network requires homotypic membrane fusion, which involves a class of atlastin (ATL) GTPases. Purified Drosophila ATL is capable of mediating vesicle fusion in vitro, but such activity has not been reported for any other ATLs. Here, we determined the preliminary crystal structure of the cytosolic segment of(More)
Progressive tissue fibrosis is a cause of major morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary fibrosis is an epithelial-mesenchymal disorder in which TGF-β1 plays a central role in pathogenesis. Here we show that follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) differentially regulates TGF-β and bone morphogenetic protein signaling, leading to epithelial injury and fibroblast activation.(More)
The equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) is a lentivirus of the Retrovirus family, which causes persistent infection in horses often characterized by recurrent episodes of high fever. It has a similar morphology and life cycle to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Its transmembrane glycoprotein, gp45 (analogous to gp41 in HIV), mediates membrane(More)
The crystal structure of the l-sorbose dehydrogenase (SDH) from Ketogulonicigenium vulgare Y25 has been determined at 2.7 Å resolution using the molecular replacement method. The overall structure of SDH is similar to that of other quinoprotein dehydrogenases; consisting of an eight bladed β-propeller PQQ domain and protrusion loops. We identified a stable(More)
The rising antibiotic resistance of bacteria imposes a severe threat on human health. Inhibition of bacterial virulence is an alternative approach to develop new antimicrobials. Molecules targeting antibiotic resistant enzymes have been used in combination with cognate antibiotics. It might be ideal that a molecule can simultaneously suppress virulence(More)
l-2-Hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (HDH) from Ketogulonicigenium vulgare Y25 was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The protein was purified and crystallized by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method with polyethylene glycol 3350 as precipitant. The crystal structure of HDH was determined at 1.64 Å resolution using the molecular replacement method(More)
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