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Preclinical and clinical studies suggest a possible role for cyclooxygenases in bone repair and create concerns about the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in patients with skeletal injury. We utilized wild-type, COX-1(-/-), and COX-2(-/-) mice to demonstrate that COX-2 plays an essential role in both endochondral and intramembranous bone formation(More)
In this study, we use primary embryonic fibroblasts derived from cyclooxygenase-deficient transgenic embryos to further investigate the role of the two cyclooxygenases, cyclooxygenase 1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), in the process of neoplastic transformation. Cells with either, neither, or both of the cyclooxygenases were transformed by Ha-ras(More)
Autograft is superior to both allograft and synthetic bone graft in repair of large structural bone defect largely due to the presence of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells in periosteum. Recent studies have provided further evidence that activation, expansion and differentiation of the donor periosteal progenitor cells are essential for the initiation of(More)
UNLABELLED A murine segmental femoral bone graft model was used to show the essential role of donor periosteal progenitor cells in bone graft healing. Transplantation of live bone graft harvested from Rosa 26A mice showed that approximately 70% of osteogenesis on the graft was attributed to the expansion and differentiation of donor periosteal progenitor(More)
Periprosthetic osteolysis is the most common cause of aseptic loosening in total joint arthroplasty. The role of inflammatory mediators such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and osteoclast promoting factors including RANKL in the pathogenesis of osteolysis has been well characterized. However, the PGE2 receptor (EP1, EP2, or EP4), and cell type in which it is(More)
Correlating massive bone graft strength to parameters derived from non-invasive imaging is important for pre-clinical and clinical evaluation of therapeutic adjuvants designed to improve graft repair. Towards that end, univariate and multivariate regression between measures of graft and callus geometry from micro-CT imaging and torsional strength and(More)
While century old clinical reports document the periosteum's remarkable regenerative capacity, only in the past decade have scientists undertaken mechanistic investigations of its regenerative potential. At a Workshop at the 2012 Annual Meeting of Orthopaedic Research Society, we reviewed the molecular, cellular, and tissue scale approaches to elucidate the(More)
AIM To assess the impact of the National Essential Medicines Policy (NEMP) on the use of medicines in government-owned primary care institutions in Hubei province of China. STUDY DESIGN Quasi-experimental design and time-trend analysis. METHODS A systematic random sampling strategy was employed to select 55,800 prescriptions from 18 primary care(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate use and overuse of antibiotics is a serious concern in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), especially in developing countries. In recent decades, information disclosure and public reporting (PR) has become an instrument for encouraging good practice in healthcare. This study evaluated the impact of PR on(More)