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Oxysterol binding proteins (OSBPs) comprise a large conserved family of proteins in eukaryotes. Their ubiquity notwithstanding, the functional activities of these proteins remain unknown. Kes1p, one of seven members of the yeast OSBP family, negatively regulates Golgi complex secretory functions that are dependent on the action of the major yeast(More)
Japanese larch (Larix leptolepis) is an ecologically and economically important species mainly grown in northeastern China, Japan and Europe. However, erratic flowering and poor germplasm resources caused by high embryo abortion rates have hampered breeding of Larix species. Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is an effective tool for the production of L. leptolepis(More)
Various lines of evidence indicate the presence of progressive pathophysiological processes occurring within the brains of patients with schizophrenia. By modulating chemical neurotransmission, antipsychotic drugs may influence a variety of functions regulating neuronal resilience and viability and have the potential for neuroprotection. This article(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as essential regulators of biological processes. Somatic embryogenesis is one of the most important techniques for gymnosperm-breeding programs, but there is little understanding of its underlying mechanism. To investigate the roles of miRNAs during somatic embryogenesis in larch, we constructed a small RNA library from(More)
It has been proposed that antidepressants have neuroprotective effects on hippocampal neurons. To further test this hypothesis, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), B cell lymphoma protein-2 (Bcl-2), and copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD) were examined immunohistochemically in hippocampal neurons of Sprague-Dawley rats following daily(More)
The chronic stress model was developed on the basis of the stress-diathesis hypothesis of depression. However, these behavioural responses associated with different stress paradigms are quite complex. This study examined the effects of two chronic stress regimens on anxiety-like and depressive behaviours. C57BL/6 mice were subjected to unpredictable chronic(More)
The cuprizone mouse model of demyelination was used to investigate the influence that white matter changes have on different magnetic resonance imaging results. In vivo T2 -weighted and magnetization transfer images (MTIs) were acquired weekly in control (n = 5) and cuprizone-fed (n = 5) mice, with significant increases in signal intensity in T2 -weighted(More)
C57BL/6 mice were given 0.2% cuprizone (CPZ) for 2 to 6 weeks while controls ate the same diet without CPZ. At various time points the animals were subjected to behavioral tests and their brains were analyzed. Mice exposed to CPZ for 2 and 3 weeks displayed more climbing behavior and lower prepulse inhibition, suggesting an increase in central nervous(More)
Cuprizone (CPZ) is a neurotoxic agent acting as a copper chelator. In our recent study, C57BL/6 mice given dietary CPZ (0.2%) showed impairments in spatial working memory, social interaction, and prepulse inhibition. These abnormalities are reminiscent of certain schizophrenia symptoms and are not likely due to damage in the whole brain or in any single(More)
As part of our continuing study of neural plasticity in rat hippocampus, we examined two structural proteins involved in neuronal plasticity, synaptophysin (SYP) and microtubule-associated protein 1 (MAP1) for their response to repeated restraint stress and modulation of such response by the antidepressant drug venlafaxine. This drug has the pharmacological(More)