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The Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (STAT) family of proteins was first discovered in the 1990's as key proteins in cytokine signaling. Since then, the field has greatly advanced in the past 15 years, providing significant insight into the structure, function, and regulation of STATs. STATs are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors(More)
Stat3 is a member of the signal transducer and activator of transcription family, which is important in cytokine signaling. Gene ablation studies have revealed a requirement for Stat3 in diverse biological processes (Akira, S. 2000. Oncogene. 19: 2607-2611; Levy, D.E., and C.K. Lee. 2002. J. Clin. Invest. 109:1143-1148). Previously, the function of Stat3(More)
Regulated import of STAT proteins into the nucleus through the nuclear pores is a vital event. We previously identified Arg214/215 in the coiled-coil domain and Arg414/417 in the DNA binding domain involved in the ligand-induced nuclear translocation of Stat3. In this study, we investigated the mechanism for Stat3 nuclear transport. We report here that(More)
There is increasing evidence that self-renewal capacity of cancer cells is critical for carcinogenesis; hence, it is vital to examine the expression and involvement of self-renewal regulatory genes in these cells. Here, we reported that Oct4, a well-known regulator of self-renewal in embryonic stem cells, was highly expressed in human gliomas and glioma(More)
We previously reported an increase in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) activation in keloid fibroblasts, which contributes to collagen production, cell proliferation, and migration. We further investigated the effect of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction on Stat3 in normal and keloid fibroblasts in noncoculture and coculture(More)
STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) 3 is a key contributor to cancer cell migration and invasion, with excessive STAT3 activity promoting growth arrest, cell-cell dissociation and increased migration of breast cancer epithelial cells. The STAT3-regulated mechanisms involved in this process, however, are not fully defined. Previously, we(More)
Mitochondria play essential roles in cellular energy production via the oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) consisting of five multiprotein complexes and also in the initiation of apoptosis. NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is the largest complex that catalyzes the first step of electron transfer in the OXPHOS system. GRIM-19 was originally(More)
GRIM-19 was found to copurify with complex I of mitochondrial respiratory chain and subsequently was demonstrated to be involved in complex I assembly and activity. To further understand its function in complex I, we dissected its functional domains by generating a number of deletion, truncation, and point mutants. The mitochondrial localization sequences(More)
Calcium (Ca2+) is a simple but critical signal for controlling various cellular processes and is especially important in fertilization and embryonic development. The dynamic change of cellular Ca2+ concentration and homeostasis are tightly regulated. Cellular Ca2+ increases by way of Ca2+ influx from extracellular medium and Ca2+ release from cellular(More)
Leptin controls food intake and energy expenditure by regulating hypothalamic neuron activities. Leptin exerts its actions through complex signaling pathways including STAT3 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and binding to target gene promoter/cofactor complexes. Deficient or defective leptin signaling leads to obesity, which may be caused by(More)