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Stat3 is a member of the signal transducer and activator of transcription family, which is important in cytokine signaling. Gene ablation studies have revealed a requirement for Stat3 in diverse biological processes (Akira, S. 2000. Oncogene. 19: 2607-2611; Levy, D.E., and C.K. Lee. 2002. J. Clin. Invest. 109:1143-1148). Previously, the function of Stat3(More)
The Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (STAT) family of proteins was first discovered in the 1990's as key proteins in cytokine signaling. Since then, the field has greatly advanced in the past 15 years, providing significant insight into the structure, function, and regulation of STATs. STATs are latent cytoplasmic transcription factors(More)
Regulated import of STAT proteins into the nucleus through the nuclear pores is a vital event. We previously identified Arg214/215 in the coiled-coil domain and Arg414/417 in the DNA binding domain involved in the ligand-induced nuclear translocation of Stat3. In this study, we investigated the mechanism for Stat3 nuclear transport. We report here that(More)
In resting cells NF-kappaB transcription factors are retained in the cytoplasm as latent inactive complexes, until they are activated and rapidly transported into the nucleus. We show that all NF-kappaB proteins are imported into the nucleus via a subset of importin alpha isoforms. Our data indicate that the NF-kappaB components of the classical and(More)
Leptin controls food intake and energy expenditure by regulating hypothalamic neuron activities. Leptin exerts its actions through complex signaling pathways including STAT3 phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and binding to target gene promoter/cofactor complexes. Deficient or defective leptin signaling leads to obesity, which may be caused by(More)
GRIM-19 was found to copurify with complex I of mitochondrial respiratory chain and subsequently was demonstrated to be involved in complex I assembly and activity. To further understand its function in complex I, we dissected its functional domains by generating a number of deletion, truncation, and point mutants. The mitochondrial localization sequences(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is a latent cytoplasmic transcription factor that can be activated by cytokines and growth factors. Stat3 plays important roles in cell growth, anti-apoptosis and cell transformation, and is constitutively active in various cancers. We examined its potential regulators by yeast two-hybrid screening.(More)
The interleukin (IL)-6-type cytokines play major roles in a variety of biological processes by signaling through a common receptor subunit, glycoprotein (gp) 130. We performed yeast two-hybrid screening to identify new binding partners of the activated gp130 and the associated Janus kinases. LMO4, a LIM domain-containing protein that belongs to a family of(More)
Mitochondria respiratory chain (RC), consisting of five multisubunit complexes, is crucial for cellular energy production, reactive oxygen species generation, and regulation of apoptosis. Recently, a few mitochondrial proteins have been reported to be essential for innate immunity, but the function of mitochondrial RC in innate immunity is largely unknown.(More)
We previously reported an increase in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) activation in keloid fibroblasts, which contributes to collagen production, cell proliferation, and migration. We further investigated the effect of epithelial-mesenchymal interaction on Stat3 in normal and keloid fibroblasts in noncoculture and coculture(More)