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Evacuation planning is a fundamental requirement to ensure that most people can be evacuated to a safe area when a natural accident or an intentional act happens in a stadium environment. The central challenge in evacuation planning is to determine the optimum evacuation routing to safe areas. We describe the evacuation network within a stadium as a(More)
—As a classic clustering algorithm, LEACH is widely used in wireless sensor networks. Due to the random cluster head selection process, LEACH does not guarantee optimization for the number and position of cluster heads. In order to further optimize LEACH, an optimal energy-efficient cluster-heads selection algorithm LEACH-G for LEACH protocol is presented.(More)
Evacuation route planning is one of the most crucial tasks for solving massive evacuation problem. In large public places, pedestrians should be transferred to safe areas when nature or man-made accidents happen. A multi-objective ant colony algorithm for massive pedestrian evacuation is presented in this paper. In the algorithm, three objectives, total(More)
With the progress of construction technology, the modern buildings become more and more complicated and large-sized. It is difficult to avoid sudden and catastrophic emergency events for interior buildings. Hence, it is very important to establish an evacuation model to simulate evacuation behavior of pedestrians under real condition and make a scientific(More)
In this paper a pedestrian-vehicle mixed evacuation model is presented for the large common place which involves both pedestrians and vehicles. The total evacuation time and total saturation degree of the road network are optimized simultaneously. A multi-particle swarm optimization algorithm is proposed to simulate and optimize the interaction and(More)
Multiobjective evacuation routes optimization problem is defined to find out optimal evacuation routes for a group of evacuees under multiple evacuation objectives. For improving the evacuation efficiency, we abstracted the evacuation zone as a superposed potential field network (SPFN), and we presented SPFN-based ACO algorithm (SPFN-ACO) to solve this(More)