Xinling Shi

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Doppler ultrasound systems, used for the noninvasive detection of the vascular diseases, normally employ a high-pass filter (HPF) to remove the large, low-frequency components from the vessel wall from the blood flow signal. Unfortunately, the filter also removes the low-frequency Doppler signals arising from slow-moving blood. In this paper, we propose to(More)
A modified graph cut was proposed under the elliptical shape constraint to segment cervical lymph nodes on sonograms, and its effect on the measurement of short axis to long axis ratio (S/L) was investigated by using the relative ultimate measurement accuracy (RUMA). Under the same user inputs, the proposed algorithm successfully segmented all 60 sonograms(More)
In order to reduce the observer variability in radiographic scoliosis assessment, a computer-aided system was developed. The system semi-automatically measured the Cobb angle and vertebral rotation on posteroanterior radiographs based on Hough transform and snake model, respectively. Both algorithms were integrated with the shape priors to improve the(More)
PURPOSE This laboratory research study was conducted to evaluate three manual toothbrushes for their ability to remove artificial plaque from interproximal sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS Interproximal access efficacy (IAE) was evaluated using a pressure-sensitive artificial plaque substrate placed around simulated anterior and posterior teeth with(More)
A computer simulation model based on an analytic flow velocity distribution is proposed to generate Doppler ultrasound signals from pulsatile blood flow in the vessels with various stenosis degrees. The model takes into account the velocity field from pulsatile blood flow in the stenosed vessels, sample volume shape and acoustic factors that affect the(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a method for three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of the spine from biplanar radiographs. The approach was based on vertebral contour matching for estimating vertebral orientations and locations. Vertebral primitives were initially positioned under constraint of the 3-D spine midline, which was(More)