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Although the pharmacology and clinical application of water extracts of Ganoderma lucidum have been extensively documented, little is known regarding its alcohol extract. In the present study, the anti-tumor effect of an alcohol extract of Ganoderma lucidum was investigated using MCF-7 cells. We found that the alcohol extract of Ganoderma lucidum inhibited(More)
BACKGROUND The existence of fibrocartilage, bone-like tissues, nerves, and blood vessels in the anulus fibrosus during intervertebral disc degeneration has been well documented. Migration of differentiated cells from outside the intervertebral disc has been hypothesized as a possible mechanism for the formation of these tissues. We hypothesized that the(More)
Compelling evidence suggests that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a pivotal role in disk degeneration. Fullerol nanoparticles prepared in aqueous solution have been demonstrated to have outstanding ability to scavenge ROS. In this report, in vitro and in vivo models were used to study the efficacy of fullerol in preventing disk degeneration. For in vitro(More)
Symptomatic intervertebral disc degeneration is associated with several spinal diseases, which cause losses of life quality and money. Tissue engineering provides a promising approach to recover the functionality of the degenerative intervertebral disc. Most studies are directed toward nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue engineering because disc degeneration is(More)
Using human erythrocyte membranes (EMs) as a model system, we have examined photo-induced lipid peroxidation by a bis-methanophosphonate fullerene (BMPF) and four other fullerene derivatives including a mono-methanophosphonic acid fullerene (MMPF), a dimalonic acid C(60) (DMA C(60)), a trimalonic acid C(60) (TMA C(60)) and a polyhydroxylated fullerene(More)
Increased oxidative stress is currently considered as a crucial cause of corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fullerol, a powerful antioxidant, on adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation of a mouse bone marrow derived multipotent cell line, D1. Upon treatment with dexamethasone, D1 cells containing(More)
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an FDA-approved organosulfur solvent that is reported to have therapeutic value in osteoarthritis and osteopenia. DMSO is used as a cryoprotectant for the cryopreservation of bone grafts and mesenchymal stem cells which are later used for bone repair. It is also used as a solvent in the preparation of various scaffolds used for(More)
Both Sjögren's syndrome and therapeutic irradiation for head and neck cancer lead to irreversible damage of the parenchyma of the salivary glands. This report describes an attempt to grow miniature pig (minipig) parotid gland cells on artificial films and tubular scaffolds with the ultimate intention of developing bio-engineered replacement tissue. Minipig(More)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are an attractive cell source for tissue engineering, and recently a modified aggregate culture of human ADSCs (hADSCs) was established based on preparation of three-dimensional (3D) cell aggregates in growth factor-enriched low serum medium using the hanging droplet method. Growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) plays(More)
Abstract Cell death (apoptosis and necrosis) and extracellular matrix destruction induced by oxidative stress have been suggested to be closely involved in the process of disc degeneration. Glutathione, a natural peptide as a powerful antioxidant in human cytoplasm, plays an important role in protecting living cells. This study is to investigate whether(More)