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A laboratory strain (GY) of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) was established from surviving larvae collected from transgenic cotton expressing a Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki insecticidal protein (Bt cotton) in Gaoyang County, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China, in 2001. The GYBT strain was derived from the GY strain through 28 generations of(More)
Disruption of the Ha_BtR (a cadherin gene) is genetically linked to resistance to Cry1Ac delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis in the GYBT strain of Helicoverpa armigera. Brush border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) prepared from midguts of both the Cry1Ac-resistant GYBT strain (homozygous for a deletion knockout of Ha_BtR) and the susceptible GY strain(More)
Four donor-acceptor functionalized molecular materials with symmetrical structures have been synthesized and investigated for their use in optoelectronic applications. These pi-conjugated molecules consist of one electron-donating moiety, for instance, carbazole, triphenylamine, or phenothiazine at the center, and two acceptors at each side. Introduction of(More)
Cadherins are a class of receptor proteins for Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A toxins. Disruption of a cadherin gene (Ha_BtR) is associated with Cry1Ac resistance in the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera [Xu, X., Yu, L., Wu, Y., 2005. Disruption of a cadherin gene associated with resistance to Cry1Ac delta-endotoxin of B. thuringiensis in H. armigera. Appl.(More)
The characteristics of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) were dramatically improved by chemically modifying the surface of the bottom-contact Ag or Cu source-drain (D-S) electrodes with a simple solution method. The contact resistance and energetic mismatch typically observed with Ag D-S electrodes in pentacene bottom-contact OFETs can be properly(More)
Fluorescent organic nanoparticles (FONs) as a new class of nanomaterials can provide more advantages than molecule based probes. However, their applications in specific metal ion detection have rarely been exploited. We design and synthesize a branched small-molecule compound with triazole as a core and benzothiadiazole derivative as branches. By a facile(More)
In Big data era, the data volume produced by ground penetrating radar (GPR) application swelling and has the characteristics of heterogeneity. This paper introduces the current status of the big data. In view of the characteristics of ground penetrating radar (GPR) application used in road disease detection, we design and realize a kind of ground(More)
Organic semiconductor nanoparticles are expected to be used in organic optical and electronic devices due to their unique optical and electrical properties. However, no method has been reported for the preparation of high-quality organic nanoparticle films without remaining additives and being capable of dealing with binary nanoparticle blends. We developed(More)
A series of monodisperse, pyrene-modified oligocarbazoles were synthesized and fully characterized. Carbazoles were linked by ethynylene through the 3- and 6-positions, forming a zigzag molecular backbone and stable, size-independent absorption, and emission were observed from these oligomers in solutions because their conjugation length was confined.(More)