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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs that act post-transcriptionally to regulate messenger RNA stability and translation. To elucidate how miRNAs mediate their repressive effects, we performed biochemical and functional assays to identify new factors in the miRNA pathway. Here we show that human RISC (RNA-induced silencing complex) associates with a(More)
Although it is advantageous for hypoxic cells to inhibit protein synthesis and conserve energy, it is also important to translate mRNAs critical for adaptive responses to hypoxic stress. Because internal ribosome entry sites (IRES) have been postulated to mediate this preferential synthesis, we analyzed the 5 '-untranslated regions from a panel of(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism that degrades mRNAs containing premature translation termination codons. In mammalian cells, a termination codon is ordinarily recognized as "premature" if it is located greater than 50-54 nucleotides 5' to the final exon-exon junction. We have described a set of naturally occurring human(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the KH-domain protein αCP binds to a 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) C-rich motif of the nascent human alpha-globin (hα-globin) transcript and enhances the efficiency of 3' processing. Here we assess the genome-wide impact of αCP RNA-protein (RNP) complexes on 3' processing with a specific focus on its role in alternative(More)
Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) levels increase in most patients with sickle cell disease following intermittent butyrate therapy. Although the full effects of butyrate on Hb F levels usually require multiple treatment cycles, in some patients a peak level is achieved after a few days of butyrate therapy. Our investigation of the mechanism(s) responsible for this(More)
Exposure of cells to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leads to activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway and transcriptional induction of the inhibitor of apoptosis family of proteins. One of the proximal effectors of the ER stress response, the PKR-like ER kinase (PERK), leads to cellular adaptation to stress by multiple(More)
Posttranscriptional controls play a major role in eucaryotic gene expression. These controls are mediated by sequence-specific interactions of cis-acting determinants in target mRNAs with one or more protein factors. The positioning of a subset of these mRNA-protein (RNP) complexes within the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) may allow them to remain(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. We have investigated how the hypoxic tumor microenvironment in ESCC fosters the induction of IGFBP3. RNA interference experiments revealed that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, but not HIF-2α, regulates IGFBP3(More)
Previous studies suggest that high-level stability of a subset of mammalian mRNAs is linked to a C-rich motif in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR). High-level expression of human alpha-globin mRNA (h alpha-globin mRNA) in erythroid cells has been specifically attributed to formation of an RNA-protein complex comprised of a 3'UTR C-rich motif and an(More)
Post-transcriptional controls are critical to gene regulation. These controls are frequently based on sequence-specific binding of trans-acting proteins to cis-acting motifs on target RNAs. Prior studies have revealed that the KH-domain protein, αCP, binds to a 3' UTR C-rich motif of hα-globin mRNA and contributes to its cytoplasmic stability. Here, we(More)