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The alpha1I T-type calcium channel inactivates almost 10-fold more slowly than the other family members (alpha1G and alpha1H) or most native T-channels. We have examined the underlying mechanisms using whole-cell recordings from rat alpha1I stably expressed in HEK293 cells. We found several kinetic differences between alpha1G and alpha1I, including some(More)
Significant evidence has indicated that tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play a critical role in the proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis of a variety of human carcinomas. In this study, we investigated whether near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging using a macrophage mannose receptor (MMR; CD206)-targeting agent could be used to(More)
"Training" the host immune system to recognize and systemically eliminate residual tumor lesions and micrometastases is a promising strategy for cancer therapy. In this study, we investigated whether integrin αvβ6-targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumors using a phthalocyanine dye-labeled probe (termed DSAB-HK) could trigger the host immune response,(More)
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