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Heterogeneous cellulose accessibility is an important substrate characteristic, but all methods for determining cellulose accessibility to the large-size cellulase molecule have some limitations. Characterization of cellulose accessibility to cellulase (CAC) is vital for better understanding of the enzymatic cellulose hydrolysis mechanism (Zhang and Lynd,… (More)
Cocktail reception: Biohydrogen is produced in high yield from cellulosic materials and water in a one-pot process catalyzed by up to 14 enzymes and one coenzyme. This assembly of enzymes results in non-natural catabolic pathways. These spontaneous reactions are conducted under modest reaction conditions (32 degrees C and atmospheric pressure).
Low-cost protein purification methods are in high demand for mass production of low-selling price enzymes that play an important role in the upcoming bioeconomy. A simple protein purification method was developed based on affinity adsorption of a cellulose-binding module-tagged protein on regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC) followed by modest desorption.… (More)
A simple, low-cost, and scalable protein purification method was developed by using a biodegradable regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC) with a binding capacity of up to 365 mg protein per gram of RAC. The recombinant protein with a cellulose-binding module (CBM) tag can be specifically adsorbed by RAC. In order to avoid using costly protease and simplify… (More)
Some dried citrus peels, more familiar as chenpi in China, have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicines from ancient times. This paper reports the efficiency of infusion cooking on extracting minerals and phenolic compounds (flavanone glycosides [FGs], polymethoxylated flavones [PMFs], and phenolic acids), and also antioxidant activity of hot… (More)
Clostridium thermocellum cellodextrin phosphorylase (CtCDP), a single-module protein without an apparent carbohydrate-binding module, has reported activities on soluble cellodextrin with a degree of polymerization (DP) from two to five. In this study, CtCDP was first discovered to have weak activities on weakly water-soluble celloheptaose and insoluble… (More)
The Clostridium thermocellum cellobiose phosphorylase (CtCBP) is a large protein consisting of 812 amino acids and has great potential in the production of sugar phosphates, novel glycosides, and biofuels. It is relatively stable at 50 °C, but is rapidly inactivated at 70 °C. To stabilize CtCBP at elevated temperatures, two protein-engineering approaches… (More)
Cellulose is a heterogeneous polysaccharide, and its enzymatic hydrolysis requires endoglucanase, exoglucanase (cellobiohydrolase), and beta-glucosidase to work together. We summarize the most commonly used assays for individual enzymes and cellulase mixture.
Presently, it is widely accepted complex systems couldn't be comprehended by studying parts in isolation without examining integrative and emergent properties, and system-level understanding thus has become the focus in biological science. However, it should also be noted that common systematic analysis was restricted to large-scale analysis at a certain… (More)
In vitro hydrogen generation represents a clear opportunity for novel bioreactor and system design. Hydrogen, already a globally important commodity chemical, has the potential to become the dominant transportation fuel of the future. Technologies such as in vitro synthetic pathway biotransformation (SyPaB)-the use of more than 10 purified enzymes to… (More)