Xinhai Zhang

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Clustering of the T cell integrin, LFA-1, at specialized regions of intercellular contact initiates integrin-mediated adhesion and downstream signaling, events that are necessary for a successful immunological response. But how clustering is achieved and sustained is not known. Here we establish that an LFA-1-associated molecule, PTA-1, is localized to(More)
The PI3K/Akt signalling pathway and its downstream transcription factors have been intensively studied for their role in cell proliferation, survival, cycle control, as well as other cellular functions. There is growing evidence showing that dysregulation of this pathway also plays an essential role in cancer development. The overexpression or permanent(More)
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) overexpression has been found to be associated with malignant cancer progression and aggression in individuals with many types of cancers. However, the molecular basis of XIAP in the regulation of cancer cell biological behavior remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that a deficiency of XIAP(More)
PTA1 (platelet and T cell antigen 1), designated as CD226, is one of the major activating receptors on NK cells. PTA1/CD226 is also broadly expressed on a variety of hematopoietic cells, including Th cells, CTLs, NK T cells, monocytes, DCs, and mast cells, and is involved in multiple immunoregulation. Murine PTA1 (mPTA1) is the homolog molecule of human(More)
We introduce the first open resource for mouse olfactory connectivity data produced as part of the Mouse Connectome Project (MCP) at UCLA. The MCP aims to assemble a whole-brain connectivity atlas for the C57Bl/6J mouse using a double coinjection tracing method. Each coinjection consists of one anterograde and one retrograde tracer, which affords the(More)
The carcinogenicity of nickel compounds has been well documented both in vitro and in vivo; however, the molecular mechanisms by which nickel compounds cause cancers are far from understood. Because suppression of apoptosis is thought to contribute to carcinogenesis, we investigated the mechanisms implicated in nickel-induced anti-apoptotic effect in human(More)
CD36, a surface membrane glycoprotein, functions as a class B scavenger receptor that binds to several distinct ligands. Included among these is oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), a major trigger of atherosclerotic lesions, and the levels of CD36 activity and Ox-LDL uptake may have an impact on coronary artery disease. In addition, recent studies in(More)
One of the cornerstones for the immune system is the discovery of T-regulatory cells (Treg), which play an essential role in maintaining self regulation of the immune response to foreign threats. However, they may also interfere with the immune response to tumoral cells, for which reason much effort has been put into characterizing the molecular makeup of(More)
Low extracellular electron transfer performance is often a bottleneck in developing high-performance bioelectrochemical systems. Herein, we show that the self-assembly of graphene oxide and Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 formed an electroactive, reduced-graphene-oxide-hybridized, three-dimensional macroporous biofilm, which enabled highly efficient(More)
Although an increased expression level of XIAP is associated with cancer cell metastasis, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unexplored. To verify the specific structural basis of XIAP for regulation of cancer cell migration, we introduced different XIAP domains into XIAP(-/-) HCT116 cells, and found that reconstitutive expression of full(More)