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Inflammation is an important contributor to the development and progression of human cancers. Inflammatory lipid metabolites, prostaglandins, formed from arachidonic acid by prostaglandin H synthases commonly called cyclooxygenases (COXs) bind to specific receptors that activate signaling pathways driving the development and progression of tumors.(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has been shown to induce expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other signaling molecules in several cancers. PGE2 elicits its functions though four G-protein coupled membrane receptors (EP1-4). In this study, we investigated the role of EP receptors in PGE2-induced molecular events in prostate cancer cells.(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) activated gene-1, NAG-1, is a divergent member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily that plays a complex but poorly understood role in several human diseases including cancer. NAG-1 expression is substantially increased during cancer development and progression especially in gastrointestinal,(More)
The mechanisms whereby cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression may contribute to bladder carcinogenesis remain unknown. We recently developed a transgenic mouse model overexpressing COX-2 under the control of a bovine keratin 5 (BK5) promoter causing a high incidence of transitional cell hyperplasia (TCH) in the bladder with a proportion of lesions(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene (NAG-1), a divergent member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, has been implicated in many cellular processes, including inflammation, early bone formation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis. Recent clinical studies suggests that a C to G single nucleotide polymorphism at position 6(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene (NAG-1) or GDF15 is a divergent member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) superfamily and mice expressing hNAG-1/hGDF15 have been shown to be resistant to HFD-induced obesity and inflammation. This study investigated if hNAG-1 increases lifespan in mice and its potential mechanisms. Here we(More)
Over-expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E(2) has been demonstrated to play a significant role in the tumorigenesis of colon, lung, breast, bladder and skin. However, inconsistent and controversial reports on the expression and activity of COX-2 in prostate cancer raised the question of whether COX-2 plays a pivotal role in prostate(More)
The antitumor effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are assumed to be due to the inhibition of COX activity, but COX-independent mechanisms may also play an important role. NSAID-activated gene (NAG-1/GDF15) is induced by NSAIDs and has antitumorigenic activities. To determine the contribution of COX-2 inhibition and NAG-1/GDF15 expression(More)
The phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1)/Akt pathway is an important regulator of multiple biological processes including cell growth, survival, and glucose metabolism. In light of the mechanistic link between Akt signaling and prostate tumorigenesis, we evaluated the chemopreventive relevance of inhibiting this pathway in the transgenic(More)
Epidemiological evidence suggests that consumption of soy is associated with a decreased risk for prostate cancer. Genistein, the most abundant isoflavone present in soy, is thought to be responsible, in part, for these anticancer effects. The present study examined the effects of genistein on cellular proliferation, extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)