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BACKGROUND Neurocognitive deficits are recognized as a cardinal feature of schizophrenia, but the determinants of these deficits remain unknown. Recent reports have suggested that a functional polymorphism, Val(158)Met in exon III of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene, shares approximately 4% variance with performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.(More)
Dopamine D2 receptor blockade is the major basis for the antipsychotic action of typical antipsychotic drugs (AP) and a necessary but not sufficient basis for the antipsychotic action of atypical APs such as clozapine and other multireceptor antagonists which rely, in part, upon 5-HT2A antagonism. Genetic factors affecting the density and/or function of D2(More)
Lines of evidence suggest serotonin genes are susceptibility candidates in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, few molecular genetic studies on BPD have been reported, especially an overall lack of study on epistatic interactions. We genotyped 27 polymorphisms in 7 serotonin genes in 113 Caucasian BPD patients and matched (sex, age and(More)
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic, disabling, and high-risk mental disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in regulation of emotion, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and impulse control beginning in early adulthood. BPD affects about 1%-2% of the general population and has a high mortality rate as a result of(More)
UNLABELLED Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a severe and potentially irreversible motor side effect linked to long-term antipsychotic exposure. Changes in dopamine neurotransmission have been implicated in the etiology of TD, and catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) is an enzyme that metabolizes dopamine. OBJECTIVES We investigated five single-nucleotide(More)
OBJECTIVE Monoamine oxidase A is a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the degradation of certain neurotransmitter amines: serotonin and norepinephrine. As for its role in aggression, impulsivity, suicide and mood liability, monoamine oxidase A can be considered a functional candidate in borderline personality disorder. METHODS To test for this hypothesis we(More)
The human p53 tumor suppressor gene (TP53) is considered as a candidate susceptibility gene for schizophrenia because of its functions in neurodevelopment. To test for an association between TP53 and schizophrenia, both the case-control study and the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) were performed on genotype data from eight polymorphisms in TP53. Our(More)
Based on the dopaminergic hypothesis, the dopamine D(1) receptor gene (DRD1) is considered to be a good candidate gene involved in the susceptibility of bipolar disorder (BP). Genetic association between three DRD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (-800T/C, -48A/G, and 1403T/C) and bipolar type I (BP I) disorder was performed in a case-control sample(More)
Objectives: The serotonin 2A receptor gene (5-HT2A) is of great interest for research in neuropsychiatric disorders based on the observation that various neuroleptic agents and antidepressants bind with relatively high affinity at 5-HT2A receptors, and the fact that the receptor density in platelets tends to increase in depression. To test for the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Based on the dopamine hypothesis, the dopamine D1 receptor gene (DRD1) is considered to be a good candidate gene for bipolar disorder (BP). METHODS In our study, three polymorphisms of the DRD1 gene, -800T/C, -48A/G, and 1403T/C, were analyzed in 286 BP trios. Both the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype TDT were performed on(More)