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RATIONALE Dopamine D(2) receptor blockade is the major basis for the antipsychotic action of typical antipsychotic drugs (AP) and a necessary but not sufficient basis for the antipsychotic action of atypical APs such as clozapine and other multireceptor antagonists which rely, in part, upon 5-HT(2A) antagonism. Genetic factors affecting the density and/or(More)
Lines of evidence suggest serotonin genes are susceptibility candidates in borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, few molecular genetic studies on BPD have been reported, especially an overall lack of study on epistatic interactions. We genotyped 27 polymorphisms in 7 serotonin genes in 113 Caucasian BPD patients and matched (sex, age and(More)
The human p53 tumor suppressor gene (TP53) is considered as a candidate susceptibility gene for schizophrenia because of its functions in neurodevelopment. To test for an association between TP53 and schizophrenia, both the case-control study and the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) were performed on genotype data from eight polymorphisms in TP53. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Neurocognitive deficits are recognized as a cardinal feature of schizophrenia, but the determinants of these deficits remain unknown. Recent reports have suggested that a functional polymorphism, Val(158)Met in exon III of the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene, shares approximately 4% variance with performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.(More)
OBJECTIVE Monoamine oxidase A is a mitochondrial enzyme involved in the degradation of certain neurotransmitter amines: serotonin and norepinephrine. As for its role in aggression, impulsivity, suicide and mood liability, monoamine oxidase A can be considered a functional candidate in borderline personality disorder. METHODS To test for this hypothesis we(More)
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a chronic, disabling, and high-risk mental disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in regulation of emotion, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and impulse control beginning in early adulthood. BPD affects about 1%-2% of the general population and has a high mortality rate as a result of(More)
BACKGROUND Based on the dopamine hypothesis, the dopamine D1 receptor gene (DRD1) is considered to be a good candidate gene for bipolar disorder (BP). METHODS In our study, three polymorphisms of the DRD1 gene, -800T/C, -48A/G, and 1403T/C, were analyzed in 286 BP trios. Both the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype TDT were performed on(More)
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability in regulation of emotion, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and impulse control beginning in early adulthood. BPD affects about 1-2% of the general population and has a high mortality rate as a result of suicide and impulsive behaviour. The serotonin(More)
Based on the dopaminergic hypothesis, the dopamine D(1) receptor gene (DRD1) is considered to be a good candidate gene involved in the susceptibility of bipolar disorder (BP). Genetic association between three DRD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (-800T/C, -48A/G, and 1403T/C) and bipolar type I (BP I) disorder was performed in a case-control sample(More)
The main study was designed primarily to compare the clinical effects of four antipsychotics in 157 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The secondary genetic study, reported here, is based on a subset of 60 patients who consented to genotyping assays. Based on previous work with the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) 158 polymorphism,(More)