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The interaction between nanoparticles (NPs) and cells has been studied extensively, but the effect of particle shape on cell behavior has received little attention. Herein three different shaped monodisperse mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) of similar particle diameter, chemical composition and surface charge but with different aspect ratios (ARs, 1,(More)
In our previous study we reported that the interaction of nanoparticles with cells can be influenced by particle shape, but until now the effect of particle shape on in vivo behavior remained poorly understood. In the present study, we control the fabrication of fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) by varying the concentration of reaction(More)
The concept that mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) are regarded as ideal novel drug delivery carriers in tumor therapy has been introduced extensively, but the effects of MSNs on tumor growth have received little attention. Here a model of nude mice xenografted with human malignant melanoma cells (A375) was used to investigate the effect of MSNs on(More)
Determination of lymphatic metastasis is of great importance for both treatment planning and patient prognosis. We aim to distinguish tumor metastatic lymph nodes (TLNs) and reactive lymph nodes (RLNs) with diffusion-weighted and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Ipsilateral popliteal lymph node metastasis or(More)
Apoptosis is a mode of programmed cell death in multicellular organisms and plays a central role in controlling embryonic development, growth and differentiation and monitoring the induction of tumor cell death through anticancer therapy. Since the most effective chemotherapeutics rely on apoptosis, imaging apoptotic processes can be an invaluable tool to(More)
Noninvasive imaging techniques have been considered important strategies in the clinic to monitor tumor early response to therapy. In the present study, we applied RGD peptides conjugated to iron oxide nanoparticles (IONP-RGD) as contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to noninvasively monitor the response of a vascular disrupting agent(More)
p53, a critical tumor suppressor, regulates mitochondrial respiration, but how a nuclear protein can orchestrate the function of an organelle encoded by two separate genomes, both of which require p53 for their integrity, remains unclear. Here we report that the mammalian homolog of the yeast mitochondrial disulfide relay protein Mia40 (CHCHD4) is necessary(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle to the effective chemotherapy in many human malignancies. Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems (NDDSs) have been reported to be able to bypass MDR, but the cancer therapeutic efficacy is still limited. In this study, we firstly designed the nonspherical mesoporous silica nanorods (MSNRs) with aspect ratio (AR)(More)
In many cases cancer is caused by gene deficiency that is being passed along from generation to generation. Soluble carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have shown promising applications in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer, however, the potential relationship between cancer-prone individuals and response to CNT exposure as a prerequisite for development of(More)