Learn More
Progressive spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the most prevalent hereditary lower motor neuron disease, is caused by mutations in the telomeric copy of the survival of motor neuron(SMN1) gene. Unlike other cells, lower motor neurons cannot tolerate low levels of smn protein. However, it is unclear as to the nature of the cell death involved. There is evidence(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) have distinct clinical features but a common pathology--cytoplasmic inclusions rich in transactive response element DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP43). Rare TDP43 mutations cause ALS or FTD, but abnormal TDP43 levels and localization may cause disease even if TDP43 lacks a mutation.(More)
Mutations of the survival motor neuron (SMN) gene in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) lead to anterior horn cell death. The cause is unknown, but motor neurons depend substantially on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) for normal function. Therefore, mitochondrial parameters were analyzed in an SMA cell culture model using small interfering RNA(More)
Studies from our laboratory and others have shown that indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and its in vivo dimeric product, 3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM), inhibit the growth of PC3 prostate cancer cells and induce apoptosis by inhibiting nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and Akt pathways. To obtain comprehensive gene expression profiles altered by I3C- and DIM-treated PC3(More)
Over 30% of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) exhibit cognitive deficits indicative of frontotemporal dementia (FTD), suggesting a common pathogenesis for both diseases. Consistent with this hypothesis, neuronal and glial inclusions rich in TDP43, an essential RNA-binding protein, are found in the majority of those with ALS and FTD, and(More)
Various mechanical stimuli increase the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). A part of the increase in [Ca(2+)](i) is due to the release of Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. We have investigated the effect of mechanical stimulation produced by cyclical stretch on the release of Ca(2+) from the(More)
Abnormalities in phosphoinositide metabolism are an emerging theme in human neurodegenerative disease. Myotubular myopathy is a prototypical disorder of phosphoinositide dysregulation that is characterized by profound muscle pathology and weakness and that is caused by mutations in MTM1, which encodes a phosphatase that targets 3-position phosphoinositides,(More)
Taxotere showed antitumor activity against solid tumors including prostate cancer. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of action of Taxotere has not been fully elucidated. In order to establish such molecular mechanism(s) in both hormone-insensitive (PC3) and hormone-sensitive (LNCaP) prostate cancer cells, comprehensive gene expression profiles were(More)
Congenital myopathies are clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases that typically present in childhood with hypotonia and weakness and are most commonly defined by changes observed in muscle biopsy. Approximately 40% of congenital myopathies are currently genetically unresolved. We identified a family with dominantly inherited congenital myopathy(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy, the most prevalent hereditary motor neuron disease, is caused by mutations in the survival motor neuron (SMN) 1 gene. A significant reduction in the encoded SMN protein leads to the degeneration of motor neurons. However, the molecular events leading to this process are not well understood. The present study uses a previously(More)