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Photothermal therapy (PTT) at present, following the temperature definition for conventional thermal therapy, usually keeps the temperature of lesions at 42-45 °C or even higher. Such high temperature kills cancer cells but also increases the damage of normal tissues near lesions through heat conduction and thus brings about more side effects and inhibits(More)
The flowshop scheduling problem has been widely studied in the literature and many techniques have been applied to it, but few algorithms have been proposed to solve it using particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) based algorithm. In this paper, an improved PSO algorithm (IPSO) based on the ldquoall differentrdquo constraint is proposed to solve the(More)
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