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The discovery of G-rich oligonucleotides (GROs) that have non-antisense antiproliferative activity against a number of cancer cell lines has been recently described. This biological activity of GROs was found to be associated with their ability to form stable G-quartet-containing structures and their binding to a specific cellular protein, most likely(More)
3-Deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate (KDO8P) is the phosphorylated precursor of KDO, an essential sugar of the lipopolysaccharide of Gram negative bacteria. KDO8P is produced by a specific synthase (KDO8PS) by condensing arabinose 5-phosphate (A5P) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), with release of inorganic phosphate. As KDO8PS is present in bacteria and(More)
Mitochondrial F(1)-ATPase contains a hexamer of alternating alpha and beta subunits. The assembly of this structure requires two specialized chaperones, Atp11p and Atp12p, that bind transiently to beta and alpha. In the absence of Atp11p and Atp12p, the hexamer is not formed, and alpha and beta precipitate as large insoluble aggregates. An early model for(More)
There are two classes of KDO8P synthases characterized respectively by the presence or absence of a metal in the active site. The nonmetallo KDO8PS from Escherichia coli and the metallo KDO8PS from Aquifex aeolicus are the best characterized members of each class. All amino acid residues that make important contacts with the substrates are conserved in both(More)
Aquifex aeolicus 3-deoxy-d-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate synthase (KDO8PS) is active with a variety of different divalent metal ions bound in the active site. The Cd(2+), Zn(2+), and Cu(2+) substituted enzymes display similar values of k(cat) and similar dependence of K(m)(PEP) and K(m)(A5P) on both substrate and product concentrations. However, the(More)
KDO8P synthase catalyzes the condensation of arabinose 5-phosphate (A5P) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to form the 8-carbon sugar KDO8P and inorganic phosphate (P(i)). The X-ray structure of the wild-type enzyme shows that when both PEP and A5P bind, the active site becomes isolated from the environment due to a conformational change of the L7 loop. The(More)
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