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Using Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) to detect deception is feasible in simple laboratory paradigms. A mock sabotage scenario was used to test whether this technology would also be effective in a scenario closer to a real-world situation. Healthy, nonmedicated adults were recruited from the community, screened, and randomized to(More)
Most stored neuropeptide cannot be released from nerve terminals suggesting the existence of a refractory pool of dense core vesicles (DCVs). Past fluorescence photobleaching recovery, single particle tracking and release experiments suggested that the refractory neuropeptide pool corresponds to a distinct immobile fraction of cytoplasmic DCVs. However,(More)
Expression microarray analysis is one of the most popular molecular diagnostic techniques in the post-genomic era. However, this technique faces the fundamental problem of potential cross-hybridization. This is a pervasive problem for both oligonucleotide and cDNA microarrays; it is considered particularly problematic for the latter. No comprehensive(More)
The Gene Ontology is a controlled vocabulary for representing knowledge related to genes and proteins in a computable form. The current effort of manually annotating proteins with the Gene Ontology is outpaced by the rate of accumulation of biomedical knowledge in literature, which urges the development of text mining approaches to facilitate the process by(More)
Ceramide, the central molecule of sphingolipid metabolism, is an important bioactive molecule that participates in various cellular regulatory events and that has been implicated in disease. Deciphering ceramide signaling is challenging because multiple ceramide species exist, and many of them may have distinct functions. We applied systems biology and(More)
Automatic discovery of new protein motifs (i.e. amino acid patterns) is one of the major challenges in bioinformatics. Several algorithms have been proposed that can extract statistically significant motif patterns from any set of protein sequences. With these methods, one can generate a large set of candidate motifs that may be biologically meaningful.(More)
We present the metrics for assessing overall functional coherence of a group of proteins based on associated biomedical literature. A probabilistic topic model is applied to extract biologic concepts from a corpus of protein-related biomedical literature. Bipartite protein semantic networks are constructed, so that the functional coherence of a protein(More)
Biomedical literature, e.g., MEDLINE, contains a wealth of knowledge regarding functions of proteins. Major recurring biological concepts within such text corpora represent the domains of this body of knowledge. The goal of this research is to identify the major biological topics/concepts from a corpus of protein-related MEDLINE© titles and abstracts by(More)
Sphingolipids including sphingosine-1-phosphate and ceramide participate in numerous cell programs through signaling mechanisms. This class of lipids has important functions in stress responses; however, determining which sphingolipid mediates specific events has remained encumbered by the numerous metabolic interconnections of sphingolipids, such that(More)
An important goal of cancer genomic research is to identify the driving pathways underlying disease mechanisms and the heterogeneity of cancers. It is well known that somatic genome alterations (SGAs) affecting the genes that encode the proteins within a common signaling pathway exhibit mutual exclusivity, in which these SGAs usually do not co-occur in a(More)