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Mammalian Notch receptors require modification by fucose on epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeats of their extracellular domain to respond optimally to signal induction by canonical Notch ligands. Inactivation of the Golgi GDP-fucose transporter Slc35c1 in mouse or human does not cause marked defects in Notch signaling during development, and shows(More)
The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase Sir2 (silent information regulator 2) regulates gene silencing in yeast and promotes lifespan extension during caloric restriction. The mammalian homologue of Sir2 (SirT1) regulates p53, NF-kappaB and Forkhead transcription factors, and is implicated in stress response. This report shows that(More)
The novel 36-amino acid peptide, apelin, is the endogenous ligand for the orphan receptor APJ. Apelin may play important roles in the regulation of the cardiovascular system and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. It is a potent hypotensive agent and one of the most potent stimulators of cardiac contractility. In this study, we investigated the roles of apelin(More)
Cripto is a membrane-bound co-receptor for Nodal, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. Mouse embryos lacking either Cripto or Nodal have the same lethal phenotype at embryonic day 7.5. Previous studies suggest that O-fucosylation of the epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) repeat in Cripto is essential for the facilitation of Nodal(More)
NOTCH signaling induced by Delta1 (DLL1) and Jagged1 (JAG1) NOTCH ligands is modulated by the β3N-acetylglucosaminyl transferase Fringe. LFNG (Lunatic Fringe) and MFNG (Manic Fringe) transfer N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) to O-fucose attached to EGF-like repeats of NOTCH receptors. In co-culture NOTCH signaling assays, LFNG generally enhances DLL1-induced,(More)
The E2F1 transcription factor is a critical regulator of cell cycle due to its ability to promote S phase entry. However, E2F1 overexpression also sensitizes cells to apoptosis and E2F1-null mice are predisposed to tumor development, suggesting that it also has properties of a growth suppressor. E2F1 transcription function is regulated by interaction with(More)
BACKGROUND Notch signaling is highly conserved in the metazoa and is critical for many cell fate decisions. Notch activation occurs following ligand binding to Notch extracellular domain. In vitro binding assays have identified epidermal growth factor (EGF) repeats 11 and 12 as the ligand binding domain of Drosophila Notch. Here we show that an internal(More)
Bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor having sequence homologies to gastrin-releasing peptide and neuromedin B receptors. [d-Phe6, beta-Ala11, Phe13, Nle14]bombesin(6-14) is known to act as a synthetic receptor agonist for BRS-3. To characterize BRS-3-mediated biological responses, we examined the effect of BRS-3(More)
Fibrosis, the hallmark of human injuries and diseases such as serious burns, is characterized by excessive collagen synthesis and myofibroblast accumulation. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of collagen synthesis, has been implicated in fibrosis in animals. In addition to TGF-β, fibroblast growth factor-inducible molecule 14 (Fn14) has(More)
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