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Using 19 years of Chinese soil moisture data from 1981-1999, we evaluate soil moisture in three reanalysis outputs: ERA40, NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (R-1), and NCEP/DOE reanalysis 2 (R-2) over China. R-2 shows better interannual variability and seasonal patterns of soil moisture than R-1 as the result of incorporation of observed precipitation. ERA40 produces a(More)
Keywords: VIP model Net ecosystem production Evapotranspiration Eddy covariance Uncertainty a b s t r a c t A process-based ecosystem model (Vegetationeatmosphere Interface Processes (VIP) model) is expanded, and then validated against three years' biometric, soil moisture and eddy-covariance fluxes data over a winter wheatesummer maize cropping system in(More)
The characteristics of land surface/air energy translation was analysed on the basis of the observation data collected over a maize field in the North China Plain. The results indicated that the energy balance processes of land surface were greatly affected by the features of underlying face. Latent heat fluxes were the main component of land surface/air(More)
Sustainable water use is seriously compromised in the North China Plain (NCP) due to the huge water requirements of agriculture, the largest use of water resources. An integrated approach which combines the ecosystem model with emergy analysis is presented to determine the optimum quantity of irrigation for sustainable development in irrigated cropping(More)
Two sub-models were added to the developed soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer model. Of the two sub-models, one was the canopy photosynthesis/stomatal coupled sub-model distinguishing the sun light and shaded leaves, and the second was the simplified growth sub-model considering growth respiration and maintenance respiration. The comparison of measured and(More)
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