Xingcheng Chen

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The transforming-growth-factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily is critical for establishing mesoderm during early embryogenesis in Xenopus. The transcriptional activation of Mix.2, an immediate-early response gene specific to activin-like members of the TGF-beta superfamily, is associated with the rapid appearance of a site-specific DNA-binding activity that(More)
Members of the TGF-beta superfamily of signalling molecules work by activating transmembrane receptors with phosphorylating activity (serine-threonine kinase receptors); these in turn phosphorylate and activate SMADs, a class of signal transducers. Activins are growth factors that act primarily through Smad2, possibly in partnership with Smad4, which forms(More)
The product of the proto-oncogene c-myc, in partnership with Max, forms a transcription factor that can promote either oncogenic transformation or apoptosis. The Myc/Max heterodimer binds to elements in the cdc25A gene and activates transcription. Like myc, cdc25A, itself a proto-oncogene, can induce apoptosis in cells depleted of growth factor, and(More)
Binding of proteins to the plasma membrane can be achieved with various membrane targeting motifs, including combinations of fatty acids, isoprenoids, and basic domains. In this study, we investigate whether attachment of different membrane targeting motifs influences the signaling capacity of membrane-bound signal transduction proteins by directing the(More)
Smads are signal transducers for the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily of factors. In early Xenopus embryos, the transforming growth factor-beta member activin induces the gene Mix.2 by stimulating the formation of a multiprotein complex, activin-responsive factor (ARF). This complex contains Smad2 or Smad3, Smad4, and a novel forkhead(More)
The transcriptional co-activator Yes-associated protein, YAP, is a main effector in the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway. We recently defined a mechanism for positive regulation of YAP through CDK1-mediated mitotic phosphorylation. Here, we show that active YAP promotes pancreatic cancer cell migration, invasion and anchorage-independent growth in a mitotic(More)
KIBRA is a regulator of the Hippo-yes-associated protein (YAP) pathway, which plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. In the present study, we show that KIBRA is a positive regulator in prostate cancer cell proliferation and motility. We found that KIBRA is transcriptionally upregulated in androgen-insensitive LNCaPC4-2 and LNCaP-C81 cells compared to(More)
Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1/2 (MST1/2) are core tumor suppressors in the Hippo signaling pathway. MST1/2 have been shown to regulate mitotic progression. Here, we report a novel mechanism for phospho-regulation of MST2 in mitosis and its biological significance in cancer. We found that the mitotic kinase cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)(More)
Applying the technique of targeted disulfide cross-linking to the cytoplasmic domain of the aspartate receptor of Salmonella typhimurium indicates a generally alpha-helical conformation of the linker region, and a close juxtaposition and a parallel alignment at the interface between the two subunits in the linker region. This conclusion is supported by the(More)
The Hippo signaling pathway controls organ size and tumorigenesis through a kinase cascade that inactivates Yes-associated protein (YAP). Here, we show that YAP plays a central role in controlling the progression of cervical cancer. Our results suggest that YAP expression is associated with a poor prognosis for cervical cancer. TGF-α and amphiregulin(More)