Xingchao Geng

Learn More
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is complicated and difficult to predict. It has been observed that drugs with extensive hepatic metabolism have a higher likelihood of causing DILI. Cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes are primarily involved in hepatic metabolism. Identifying the associations of DILI with drugs that are P450 substrates, inhibitors, or inducers(More)
In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects of echinacoside, a phenylethanoid glycoside extracted from the medicinal Chinese herb Cistanches salsa, against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced dopaminergic toxicity. We confirmed that exposure to MPTP in mice leads to permanent behavioral deficits and depletion of(More)
The neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) has been employed to create a Parkinson's disease-like model in both rodents and primates based primarily on its ability to create a striatal dopamine deficit due to the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra compacta. The present study was carried out to determine the possible(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by neuroinflammation and demyelination that are mediated by T cells. The prolonged survival of autoreactive T cells acts as a primary event to trigger an inflammatory cascade that mediates myelin loss and clinical relapse in MS. Recently, T cell survival has been shown to be modulated by the(More)
PEGylated recombinant human endostatin (M2ES) exhibited prolonged serum half-life and enhanced antitumor activity when compared with endostatin. A non-clinical study was performed to evaluate the toxicokinetics and safety of M2ES in rhesus monkeys. After intravenous (IV) infusions of M2ES at a dose level of 3, 10, and 30mg/kg in rhesus monkeys, the(More)
Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are important biomarkers in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in humans; however, the diagnostic performance of ANA in nonclinical safety studies are not well understood. Here, we studied the use of ANAs as potential nonclinical biomarkers for drug-induced autoimmunity (DIA) using a Hep-2 based indirect immunofluorescence(More)
Although inter-laboratory validation efforts of the in-vivo micronucleus (MN) assay based on flow cytometry (FCM) have taken place in the EU and US, none have been organized in China. Therefore, an inter-laboratory study that included eight laboratories in China and one experienced reference laboratory in the US was coordinated to validate the in-vivo FCM(More)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is complicated and difficult to predict. It has been observed that drugs with extensive hepatic metabolism have a higher likelihood of causing DILI. Cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes are primarily involved in hepatic metabolism. Identifying the associations of DILI with drugs that are P450 substrates, inhibitors, or inducers(More)
  • 1