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Although functional MRI (fMRI) has shown to be a tool with great potential to study the normal and diseased human brain, the large variability in the detected hemodynamic responses across sessions and across subjects hinders a wider application. To investigate the long-term reproducibility of fMRI activation of verbal working memory (WM), eight normal(More)
PURPOSE To assess the reproducibility and accuracy compared to radiologists of three automated segmentation pipelines for quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement of brain white matter signal abnormalities (WMSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS WMSA segmentation was performed on pairs of whole brain scans from 20 patients with multiple sclerosis(More)
Changes in mean magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived measurements between patient groups are often used to determine outcomes in therapeutic trials and other longitudinal studies of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, in day-to-day clinical practice the changes within individual patients may also be of interest In this paper, we estimated the measurement(More)
The relationship between performance on information processing efficiency measures and MRI-derived lesion volume including global and regional T2 and T1 lesion volumes was investigated in 20 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Processing speed, as measured by the Sternberg Memory(More)
This article reports test-retest reproducibility of functional MRI (fMRI) measurement on brain activation elicited by auditory-cued sequential finger tapping. Eight right-handed volunteers participated in nine fMRI sessions, approximately eight weeks apart, for the duration of more than a year. The first scan session was repeated within a day to examine the(More)
White matter signal abnormality (WMSA) is often present in the MRIs of older persons with mobility impairment. We examined the relationship between impaired mobility and the progressive accrual of WMSA. Mobility was assessed with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and quantitative measures of gait and balance. Fourteen subjects had baseline and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory, non-infectious osteopathy that affects predominantly patients </= 18 years of age. There is no uniformly effective treatment. Our objective is to describe clinical, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and bone resorption response to intravenous pamidronate in pediatric CRMO. (More)
In autopsy of humans, there is usually an interval of hours to days between death and tissue fixation, during which the cadaver is stored below room temperature to retard tissue autolysis. We have attempted to model this process and evaluate the alteration in diffusion indices of the postmortem brain in pigs, which were kept at 4 degrees C. The pigs were(More)
This paper presents novel modeling methods for accurate and efficient analysis of coupling of multiple vias in finite-sized multilayered parallel-plate structures. The new modeling methods address two open problems related to the modal expansion with the T-matrix method for the analysis of via coupling. First, a novel boundary modeling method, called the(More)