Xingang Zhao

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Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an acute respiratory infectious disease that spread worldwide in early 2003. The cause was determined as a novel coronavirus (CoV), SARS-associated CoV (SARS-CoV), with a single-stranded, plus-sense RNA. To date, no effective specific treatment has been identified. To exploit the possibility of using RNA(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the expression of melanoma cell adhesion molecule (MCAM/CD146), like most other endothelial adhesion molecules, is reduced in the pregnancy disorder pre-eclampsia, and whether it is associated with the invasiveness of trophoblast. We used immunohistochemical approaches and analyzed 42 placentas from control(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and related growth factors are essential regulators of embryogenesis and tissue homeostasis. The signaling pathways mediated by their receptors and Smad proteins are precisely modulated by various means. Xenopus BAMBI (bone morphogenic protein (BMP) and activin membrane-bound inhibitor) has been shown to function(More)
Genetic studies in mouse and zebrafish have established the importance of activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) in formation and remodeling of blood vessels. Single-allele mutations in the ALK1 gene have been linked to the human type 2 hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT2). However, how these ALK1 mutations contribute to this disorder remains(More)
Maternal beta-catenin and Nodal signals are essential for the formation of the dorsal organizer, which, in turn, induces neural and other dorsal tissue development in vertebrate embryos. Tob (Transducer of ErbB2) proteins possess antiproliferative properties and are known to influence BMP signaling, but their relationship to other signaling pathways and to(More)
Unexplained pregnancy loss and recurrent miscarriage seriously impair human fecundity. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. Recent studies suggest that the adhesion molecule CD146 may be involved in unexplained recurrent miscarriage. Here, we investigate the effect of CD146 on early pregnancy. Using in situ hybridization and(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an acute infectious disease with significant mortality. A typical clinical feature associated with SARS is pulmonary fibrosis and the associated lung failure. However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) nucleocapsid (N) protein(More)
OF BACKGROUND DATA It is well established that syringomyelia can cause neurological symptoms and deficit by accumulation of fluid within syrinx cavities that lead to internal compression within the spinal cord. When other intervention treating the underlying etiology failed to yield any improvement, the next option would be a procedure to divert the fluid(More)
This paper describes recent research on the design and implement of a small-scaled rotorcraft unmanned aerial vehicle (RUAV) system. This platform is going to be used as a testbed for experimentally evaluating advanced control methodologies dedicated on improving the maneuverability, reliability as well as autonomy of RUAV. Sensors and controller are(More)
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) plays a critical role in tissue fibrosis. The duration and intensity of TGF-β signaling are tightly regulated. Here we report that TSC-22 (TGF-β-stimulated clone 22) facilitates TGF-β signaling by antagonizing Smad7 activity to increase receptor stability. TSC-22 enhances TGF-β-induced Smad2/3 phosphorylation and(More)