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A concept of methane yield at optimum pH was advanced and subsequently a mathematical model that simulates the optimal pH of a batch process for anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste (MSW) was developed and validated. The model was developed on the basis of the microbial growth kinetics and was divided into three processes:(More)
To investigate the effects of temperature and exercise training on swimming performance in juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis), we measured the following: (1) the resting oxygen consumption rate $$ \left( {{\dot{\text{M}}\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{rest}}}} } \right) $$ , critical swimming speed (U crit) and active oxygen consumption rate $$ \left((More)
Several types of surfactants were adopted to construct reverse micelles, in order to investigate the characteristics of cellulose hydrolysis, we used the carboxymethyl cellulose as substrate. The electrical conductivity was measured to determine the maximum water solubilization W0( W0 = [H2O]/[SA] ) of CTAB, SDS, Tween-80 and rhamnolipid reverse micellar(More)
We measured the following variables to investigate the effects of fasting and temperature on swimming performance in juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis): the critical swimming speed (Ucrit), resting metabolic rate (ṀO2rest) and active metabolic rate (ṀO2active) of fish fasting for 0 (control), 1, 2 and 4 weeks at low and high acclimation temperatures(More)
To investigate the effect of temperature on the repeat constant acceleration swimming performance and on the metabolic recovery capacity in juvenile qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis), their constant acceleration test speed (U CAT) and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) recovery process were measured twice with 1-h intervals at different acclimation(More)
For flood control purpose, the water level of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) varies significantly. The annual reservoir surface elevation amplitude is about 30 m behind the dam. Filling of the reservoir has created about 349 km(2) of newly flooded riparian zone. The average flooding period lasts for more than 6 months, from mid-October to late April. The(More)
In this study, the effects of three surfactants, i.e. the anionic biosurfactant dirhamnolipid (diRL), the cationic surfactant hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), and the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), on the removal of phenol catalyzed by laccase were studied first. CTAB and SDS were detrimental, while diRL improved phenol removal(More)
The effects of two biosurfactants, tea saponin (TS) and rhamnolipid (RL), on the production of laccase and the degradation of phenol by P. simplicissimum were investigated in solid-state fermentation consisting of rice straw, rice bran, and sawdust. Firstly, the effects of phenol on the fermentation process were studied in the absence of surfactants. Then,(More)
The method of liquid fermentation culture was used to study the influence of two synthetic surfactants, cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and Triton X-100, and a biosurfactant, dirhamnlipid (diRL), on phenol degradation by Candida tropicalis CICC 1463. The results showed that at the beginning of degradation the yeast population decayed, phenol(More)
Using a material and ionization balance analysis of anaerobic digestion process, a kinetic model of pH control in a batch anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal solid waste was established on the basis of substrate decay and microbial growth kinetics, and a corresponding computer soft ware was created. The optimal pH in different anaerobic(More)