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A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five(More)
The fly Drosophila melanogaster is one of the most intensively studied organisms in biology and serves as a model system for the investigation of many developmental and cellular processes common to higher eukaryotes, including humans. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of nearly all of the approximately 120-megabase euchromatic portion of the(More)
Primary erythermalgia is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterised by intermittent burning pain with redness and heat in the extremities. A previous study established the linkage of primary erythermalgia to a 7.94 cM interval on chromosome 2q, but the causative gene was not identified. We performed linkage analysis in a Chinese family with primary(More)
DnaK and other members of the 70-kilodalton heat-shock protein (hsp70) family promote protein folding, interaction, and translocation, both constitutively and in response to stress, by binding to unfolded polypeptide segments. These proteins have two functional units: a substrate-binding portion binds the polypeptide, and an adenosine triphosphatase portion(More)
Somatic inactivation of PTEN occurs in different human tumors including glioblastoma, endometrial carcinoma and prostate carcinoma. Germline mutations in PTEN result in a range of phenotypic abnormalities that occur with variable penetrance, including neurological features such as macrocephaly, seizures, ataxia and Lhermitte-Duclos disease (also described(More)
Patients with mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor beta (TRbeta) gene manifest resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH), resulting in a constellation of variable phenotypic abnormalities. To understand the molecular basis underlying the action of mutant TRbeta in vivo, we generated mice with a targeted mutation in the TRbeta gene (TRbetaPV; PV, mutant(More)
Larvae of three species of anisakid nematode from fish, Anisakis simplex, Hysterothylacium aduncum and Contracaecum osculatum, were characterised genetically using a molecular approach. The nuclear ribosomal DNA region spanning the first internal transcribed spacer, the 5.8S gene and the second internal transcribed spacer was amplified and sequenced. The(More)
Calcium ions are released from intracellular stores in response to agonist-stimulated production of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3), a second messenger generated at the cell membrane. Depletion of Ca2+ from internal stores triggers a capacitative influx of extracellular Ca2+ across the plasma membrane. The influx of Ca2+ can be recorded as(More)
Ca2+ release from its internal stores as a result of activation of phospholipase C is accompanied by Ca2+ influx from the extracellular space. Ca2+ influx channels may be formed of proteins homologous to Drosophila Trp. At least six non-allelic Trp genes are present in the mouse genome. Full-length human, bovine, mouse, and rat cDNAs for Trp1, 3, 4, 6 have(More)
Growth factors and cell anchorage jointly regulate transit through G1 in almost all cell types, but the cell cycle basis for this combined requirement remains largely uncharacterized. We show here that cell adhesion and growth factors jointly regulate the cyclin D1- and E-dependent kinases. Adhesion to substratum regulates both the induction and translation(More)