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Genetic imprinting, found in flowering plants and placental mammals, uses DNA methylation to yield gene expression that is dependent on the parent of origin. DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) and its regulatory factor, DNA methyltransferase 3-like protein (Dnmt3L), are both required for the de novo DNA methylation of imprinted genes in mammalian germ cells.(More)
Electron cryomicroscopy (cryo-EM) yields images of macromolecular assemblies and their components, from which 3D structures can be determined, by using an image processing method commonly known as "single-particle reconstruction." During the past two decades, this technique has become an important tool for 3D structure determination, but it generally has(More)
The Arabidopsis KRYPTONITE gene encodes a member of the Su(var)3-9 family of histone methyltransferases. Mutations of kryptonite cause a reduction of methylated histone H3 lysine 9, a loss of DNA methylation, and reduced gene silencing. Lysine residues of histones can be either monomethylated, dimethylated or trimethylated and recent evidence suggests that(More)
We present a model-based parallel algorithm for origin and orientation refinement for 3D reconstruction in cryoTEM. The algorithm is based upon the Projection Theorem of the Fourier Transform. Rather than projecting the current 3D model and searching for the best match between an experimental view and the calculated projections, the algorithm computes the(More)
BACKGROUND The production of secondary metabolites with antibiotic properties is a common characteristic to entomopathogenic bacteria Xenorhabdus spp. These metabolites not only have diverse chemical structures but also have a wide range of bioactivities with medicinal and agricultural interests such as antibiotic, antimycotic and insecticidal, nematicidal(More)
Cytosine residues in mammalian DNA occur in at least three forms, cytosine (C), 5-methylcytosine (M; 5mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (H; 5hmC). During semi-conservative DNA replication, hemi-methylated (M/C) and hemi-hydroxymethylated (H/C) CpG dinucleotides are transiently generated, where only the parental strand is modified and the daughter strand(More)
AdoMet-dependent methylation of histones is part of the "histone code" that can profoundly influence gene expression. We describe the crystal structure of Neurospora DIM-5, a histone H3 lysine 9 methyltranferase (HKMT), determined at 1.98 A resolution, as well as results of biochemical characterization and site-directed mutagenesis of key residues. This SET(More)
Rotaviruses, major causes of childhood gastroenteritis, are nonenveloped, icosahedral particles with double-strand RNA genomes. By the use of electron cryomicroscopy and single-particle reconstruction, we have visualized a rotavirus particle comprising the inner capsid coated with the trimeric outer-layer protein, VP7, at a resolution (4 A) comparable with(More)
Histone lysine methylation is an important epigenetic mark that regulates gene expression and chromatin organization. G9a and G9a-like protein (GLP) are euchromatin-associated methyltransferases that repress transcription by methylating histone H3 Lys9. BIX-01294 was originally identified as a G9a inhibitor during a chemical library screen of small(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in malignancies. However, the role that miRNAs play in pancreatic cancer remains to be determined. The purpose of this study was to investigate aberrantly expressed miRNAs in pancreatic cancer tissues and demonstrate their roles in disease progression. RESULTS We detected the(More)