Xing-Yun Song

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BACKGROUND The blood brain barrier (BBB) and truncated trkB receptor on astrocytes prevent the penetration of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) applied into the peripheral (PNS) and central nervous system (CNS) thus restrict its application in the treatment of nervous diseases. As BDNF is anterogradely transported by axons, we propose that(More)
Remyelination is an important aspect of nerve regeneration after nerve injury but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The neurotrophin receptor, p75(NTR), in activated Schwann cells in the Wallerian degenerated nerve is up-regulated and may play a role in the remyelination of regenerating peripheral nerves. In the present study, the role of(More)
Preconditioning sciatic nerve injury enhances axonal regeneration of ascending sensory neurons after spinal cord injury. A key question is whether direct injury of sensory nerves is necessary for the enhanced regeneration. The lumbar 5 ventral root transection (L5 VRT) model, a model of selective motor nerve injury, provides a useful tool to address this(More)
AIMS After peripheral nerve injury, p75NTR was upregulated in Schwann cells of the Wallerian degenerative nerves and in motor neurons but down-regulated in the injured sensory neurons. As p75NTR in neurons mediates signals of both neurotrophins and inhibitory factors, it is regarded as a therapeutic target for the treatment of neurodegeneration. However,(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75NTR is the coreceptor for Nogo receptor, mediating growth cone collapse in vitro by MAG, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (Omgp), and Nogo. Whether p75NTR plays any role in the failure of nerve regeneration in vivo is not known. Immunohistochemical data showed that p75NTR was expressed in only a very small subset of ascending(More)
Recent studies have shown that the precursor of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (pro-BDNF) activates p75NTR with high affinity to induce apoptosis. Here we show that pro-BDNF is transported anterogradely and retrogradely in sensory neurons of adult rats. After a crush injury of sciatic nerves, dorsal roots or dorsal column in adult Sprague-Dawley rats,(More)
The precursors for neurotrophins are proteolytically cleaved to form biologically active mature molecules which activate their receptors p75NTR and trks. A recent study showed that the precursor for nerve growth factor (NGF) can bind to p75NTR with a high affinity and induces apoptosis of neurons in vitro. Mutation in Val66Met of brain-derived neurotrophic(More)
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