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In the present study, a total of 20 nematode isolates, (including 10 male and 10 female worms) representing Baylisascaris schroederi from 5 Qinling subspecies of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Shaanxi Province of China, were characterized and grouped genetically by the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The(More)
Enhancer-dependent transcription in bacteria requires the alternative transcription factor sigma N (sigma 54), which forms an RNA polymerase holoenzyme that binds promoters as a transcriptionally inactive complex. We have examined the structure of sigma N by circular dichroism (CD) analysis. The sigma N protein and its domains are well structured in the(More)
In this paper, the synchronizations of Boolean networks with different update schemes (synchronized Boolean networks and asynchronous Boolean networks) are investigated. All nodes in Boolean network are represented in terms of semi-tensor product. First, we give the concept of inner synchronization and observe that all nodes in a Boolean network are(More)
The sigma-N (sigmaN) subunit of the bacterial RNA polymerase is a sequence specific DNA-binding protein. The RNA polymerase holoenzyme formed with sigmaN binds to promoters in an inactive form and only initiates transcription when activated by enhancer-binding positive control proteins. We now provide evidence to show that the DNA-binding activity of sigmaN(More)
As an important field in information security, image encryption algorithm has been a research focus. At the same time there are few works on fractal set as the encryption key among various encryption algorithms. In the paper, Mandelbrot set (abbreviated as M set) and the Hilbert transformation are utilized to generate the random key. Since M set can be(More)
In this paper, we propose a fast no-search fractal image coding algorithm based on a modified gray-level transform. To improve the possibility of successful matching for a range block and a domain block, we introduce a modified gray-level transform with more transform parameters than proposed by Tong and Pi to encode the blocks. Then, we suggest a no-search(More)