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Particulate air pollution has been suggested as the cause of the recently observed decreasing trends of 10 to 25% in the ratio between hilly and upwind lowland precipitation, downwind of urban and industrial areas. We quantified the dependence of this ratio of the orographic-precipitation enhancement factor on the amounts of aerosols composed mostly of(More)
Cholinergic deficit is one of the most remarkable symptoms and plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease. In the present study, the protective effects of Akebia saponin D (ASD) on learning and memory impairments induced by excitatory neurotoxin ibotenic acid injection were examined in vivo. Our findings suggest that ASD (90 mg/kg, p.o.) would exert a(More)
Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI), the major cause of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in developed nations, predisposes to learning impairment. The underlying mechanism is unknown. Neuronal N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are critical for synaptogenesis and learning throughout life. We hypothesized that UPI-induced IUGR alters rat(More)
Neuroinflammatory responses caused by amyloid β(Aβ) play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ is known to be directly responsible for the activation of glial cells and induction of apoptosis. Akebia Saponin D (ASD) is extracted from a traditional herbal medicine Dipsacus asper Wall, which has been shown to protect against(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) programs neurodevelopmental impairment and long-term neurological morbidities. Neurological morbidities in IUGR infants are correlated with changes hippocampal volume. We previously demonstrated that IUGR alters hippocampal cellular composition in both neonatal and juvenile rat pups in association with altered(More)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are newfound noncoding RNAs that are greater than 200 nucleotides in length. They have emerged recently as major players in governing fundamental biological processes. However, the expression level of lncRNAs and their clinical significances are not well understood. To investigate the lncRNA expression in gastric cancer,(More)
INTRODUCTION Uteroplacental insufficiency (UPI) produces significant neurodevelopmental deficits affecting the hippocampus of intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) offspring. IUGR males have worse deficits as compared with IUGR females. The exact mechanisms underlying these deficits are unclear. Alterations in hippocampal cellular composition along with(More)
BACKGROUND We showed that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) increases distal airspace wall thickness at birth (postnatal age 0; P0) in rat pups (saccular stage of lung development). However, that report did not assess whether the saccular phenotype persisted postnatally or occurred in males or females, nor did the report identify a potential molecular(More)
Previous in vitro researches have showed that fucoxanthin, a natural carotenoid isolated from sargassum, can inhibit proliferation or induce apoptosis in human neuroblastoma, hepatoma, leukemia, colon carcinoma, prostate cancer or urinary bladder cancer cells. But the precise mechanism by which fucoxanthin exerts anticarcinogenic effects is not yet fully(More)
In utero environmental adaptation may predispose to lifelong morbidity. Organisms fine-tune gene expression to achieve environmental adaptation by epigenetic alterations of histone markers of gene accessibility. One example of epigenetics is how uteroplacental insufficiency-induced intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), which predisposes to adult onset(More)