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In obesity, accumulation of lipid in nonadipose tissues, or lipotoxicity, is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ultimately apoptosis. We have previously shown that obese women have increased triglycerides in follicular fluid; thus, the present study examined whether high-fat diet-induced obesity causes(More)
Hypertension is the most common cause of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. However, multiple causes can lead to LV hypertrophy, each of which has different histological and mechanical properties. To assess the value of a novel speckle-tracking echocardiographic measurement of myocardial strain and strain rate in defining the mechanical properties of LV(More)
BACKGROUND Two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a new tool for evaluation of LA function. The aims of this study are to establish the normal range of LA function measured by 2DSTE in different age groups and to evaluate the relations between the parameters of 2DSTE and Doppler echocardiography in evaluating LA and LV diastolic(More)
Halophytes have a distinct signaling pathway and regulatory network to impart salt stress tolerance. Environmental signals are first perceived by specific receptors, which modulate expression and activation of different genes leading to stress tolerance. SlASR, an abscisic acid-, stress-, and ripening-induced protein, was previously isolated and(More)
Sl NAC1 functions as a stress-responsive NAC protein involved in the abscisic acid-dependent signaling pathway and enhances transgenic Arabidopsis drought, salt, and cold stress tolerance. NAC (NAM, ATAF1, 2, CUC2) transcription factors constitute the largest families of plant-specific transcription factors, known to be involved in various growth or(More)
The intestinal epithelial cells contain a large number of mitochondria for persisting absorption and barrier function. Selective autophagy of mitochondria (mitophagy) plays an important role in the quality control of mitochondria and maintenance of cell homeostasis. Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) is a porcine enteropathogenic coronavirus which(More)
Hematologic spread of carcinoma results in incurable metastasis; yet, the basic characteristics and travel mechanisms of cancer cells in the bloodstream are unknown. We have established a fluid phase biopsy approach that identifies circulating tumor cells (CTCs) without using surface protein-based enrichment and presents them in sufficiently high definition(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most deadly carcinomas worldwide. Although gemcitabine as the standard chemotherapy agent has been proven to be effective, the response rate remains at 5.4% and the 5-year survival rate is extremely poor. Ursolic acid (UA) is a small molecule compound extracted from Chinese herbs as(More)
This review summarizes some of the recent advances in obesity research and describes how we and others have built upon these findings to better understand the impact of obesity on granulosa cells, cumulus cells and oocytes within the ovaries of obese females. Obesity is associated with lipid accumulation in non-adipose tissue cells and the induction of(More)
BACKGROUND Estimating the number of genes in human genome has been long an important problem in computational biology. With the new conception of considering human as a super-organism, it is also interesting to estimate the number of genes in this human super-organism. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We presented our estimation of gene numbers in the human gut(More)