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— Technologies for fabricating silicone rubber membranes and integrating them with other processes on silicon wafers have been developed. Silicone rubber has been found to have exceptional mechanical properties including low mod-ulus, high elongation, and good sealing. Thermopneumatically actuated, normally open, silicone rubber membrane valves with(More)
Objective: This article describes a novel method for processing continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) signals with lifting wavelet transformation and discrimination rules for ICP waveform morphology. Methods: First, lifting wavelet was applied to detect the extreme points of ICP waveform preliminarily; then, the extreme points that were undetected or(More)
Biometrics authenticated schemes using smart cards have attracted much attention in multi-server environments. Several schemes of this type where proposed in the past. However, many of them were found to have some design flaws. This paper concentrates on the security weaknesses of the three-factor authentication scheme by Mishra et al. After careful(More)
The Grid middleware must be developed iteratively and incrementally, so Grid performance testing is critical for middleware developers of Grid system. Considering the special characters of Grid system, in order to gain meaningful and comprehensive results of performance testing, it is necessary to implement testing on real Grid environment with various(More)
Sl NAC1 functions as a stress-responsive NAC protein involved in the abscisic acid-dependent signaling pathway and enhances transgenic Arabidopsis drought, salt, and cold stress tolerance. NAC (NAM, ATAF1, 2, CUC2) transcription factors constitute the largest families of plant-specific transcription factors, known to be involved in various growth or(More)
Codon usage bias is an important evolutionary feature in a genome and has been widely documented in many genomes. Analysis of codon usage bias has significance for mRNA translation, design of transgenes, new gene discovery, and studies of molecular biology and evolution, etc. However, the information about synonymous codon usage pattern of T. saginata(More)
Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), a coronavirus, causes severe diarrhea and high mortality in newborn piglets. The porcine intestinal epithelium is the target of TGEV infection, but the mechanisms that TGEV disrupts the actin cytoskeleton and invades the host epithelium remain largely unknown. We not only found that TGEV infection stimulates(More)
— Closing of gaps in draft assemblies using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data is becoming increasingly important. In this paper we present CloG, a software pipeline that uses NGS data to close gaps in draft assemblies. Firstly, CloG uses the VELVET assembler to generate a hybrid assembly from a mixture of reads: short reads from the NGS data and the(More)