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The accumulation of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide derived from abnormal processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a common pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effect of berberine (BBR) extracted from Coptis chinensis Franch, a Chinese medicinal herb, on the neuropathology and cognitive(More)
A novel zinc(II) phthalocyanine bearing octa-sulphonates has been prepared, which is non-aggregated in water, highly photoactive and low dark-toxic. More interestingly, it exhibits specific affinity to macrophages via the scavenger receptor-A, and can selectively accumulate in tumour sites.
A pH-responsive nanohybrid (LDH-ZnPcPS4 ), in which a highly hydrophilic zinc(II) phthalocyanine tetra-α-substituted with 4-sulfonatophenoxy groups (ZnPcPS4 ) is incorporated with a cationic layered double hydroxide (LDH) based on electrostatic interaction, has been specially designed and prepared through a facile co-precipitation approach. ZnPcPS4 is an(More)
We designed and synthesized a novel class of dual pharmacology bronchodilators targeting both β(2)-adrenoceptor and PDE4 by applying a multivalent approach. The most potent dual pharmacology molecule, compound 29, possessed good inhibitory activity on PDE4B2 (IC(50)=0.278 μM, which was more potent than phthalazinone, IC(50)=0.520 μM) and possessed excellent(More)
A new tetra-α-substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanine containing dodeca-amino groups (compound 4) and its quaternized analogue (compound 5) have been prepared and evaluated for their photoactivities against Candida albicans. Compared with the dodeca-amino phthalocyanine 4, the dodeca-cationic phthalocyanine 5 exhibits a higher photodynamic inactivation against(More)
A series of 9-N-substituted berberine derivatives were synthesized and biologically evaluated as antioxidant and inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase and amyloid-β aggregation. Most of these compounds exhibited very good antioxidant activities, inhibitive activities of AChE and amyloid-β aggregation. Among them, compound 8d,(More)
Two new tetra- or di-α-substituted zinc(II) phthalocyanines 5 and 6 have been prepared through a "side-strapped" method. In the molecules, the adjacent benzene rings of the phthalocyanine core are linked at α-position through a triethylene glycol bridge to form a hybrid aza-/oxa-crown ether. The tetra-α-substituted phthalocyanine 5 shows an eclipsed(More)
A series of novel indanone derivatives was designed, synthesised and evaluated as potential agents for Alzheimer's disease. Among them, compound 6a, with a piperidine group linked to indone by a two-carbon spacer, exhibited the most potent inhibitor activity, with an IC(50) of 0.0018 μM for AChE; the inhibitory activity of this compound was 14-fold more(More)
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