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We have developed a high-throughput T-DNA insertional mutagenesis program in tomato using activation tagging to identify genes that regulate metabolic pathways. One of the activation-tagged insertion lines (ant1) showed intense purple pigmentation from the very early stage of shoot formation in culture, reflecting activation of the biosynthetic pathway(More)
The Arabidopsis early flowering 3 (elf3) mutation causes arrhythmic circadian output in continuous light, but there is some evidence of clock function in darkness. Here, we show conclusively that normal circadian function occurs with no alteration of period length in elf3 mutants in dark conditions and that the light-dependent arrhythmia observed in elf3(More)
The draft genome of the pear (Pyrus bretschneideri) using a combination of BAC-by-BAC and next-generation sequencing is reported. A 512.0-Mb sequence corresponding to 97.1% of the estimated genome size of this highly heterozygous species is assembled with 194× coverage. High-density genetic maps comprising 2005 SNP markers anchored 75.5% of the sequence to(More)
Many aspects of plant development are regulated by photoreceptor function and the circadian clock. Loss-of-function mutations in the Arabidopsis EARLY FLOWERING 3 (ELF3) and PHYTOCHROME B (PHYB) genes cause early flowering and influence the activity of circadian clock-regulated processes. We demonstrate here that the relative abundance of the ELF3 protein,(More)
Sparse matrix-vector multiplication (SpMV) is an important kernel in many scientific applications and is known to be memory bandwidth limited. On modern processors with wide SIMD and large numbers of cores, we identify and address several bottlenecks which may limit performance even before memory bandwidth: (a) low SIMD efficiency due to sparsity, (b)(More)
A Pseudomonas sp. grew with nicotine optimally 3 g l−1 and at 30 °C and pH 7. Nicotine was fully degraded within 10 h. The resting cells degraded nicotine in tobacco solid waste completely within 6 h in 0.02 m sodium phosphate buffer (pH 7) at maximally 56 mg nicotine h−1 g dry cell−1.
P2X(7) receptors are distinct from other ATP-gated P2X receptors in that they are potently inhibited by submicromolar concentrations of zinc and copper. The molecular basis for the strong functional inhibition by zinc and copper at this purinergic ionotropic receptor is controversial. We hypothesized that it involves a direct interaction of zinc and copper(More)
The centromere is essential for precise and equal segregation of the parental genome into two daughter cells during mitosis. CENP-A is a unique histone H3 variant conserved in eukaryotic centromeres. The assembly of CENP-A to the centromere is mediated by Holliday junction recognition protein (HJURP) in early G1 phase. However, it remains elusive how HJURP(More)
Plant stem cells in the shoot apical meristem (SAM) and root apical meristem are necessary for postembryonic development of aboveground tissues and roots, respectively, while secondary vascular stem cells sustain vascular development. WUSCHEL (WUS), a homeodomain transcription factor expressed in the rib meristem of the Arabidopsis SAM, is a key regulatory(More)
Two predictor-corrector methods of order m = Ω(logn) are proposed for solving sufficient linear complementarity problems. The methods produce a sequence of iterates in the N− ∞ neighborhood of the central path. The first method requires an explicit upper bound κ of the handicap of the problem while the second method does not. Both methods have O((1 +(More)