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Stroke is a major public health problem leading to high rates of death and disability in adults. Excessive stimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) and the resulting neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activation are crucial for neuronal injury after stroke insult. However, directly inhibiting NMDARs or nNOS can cause severe side effects(More)
The 46, XX male disorder of sex development (DSD) is a rare genetic condition. Here, we report the case of a 46, XX SRY-negative male with complete masculinization. The coding region and exon/intron boundaries of the DAX1, SOX9 and RSPO1 genes were sequenced, and no mutations were detected. Using whole genome array analysis and real-time PCR, we identified(More)
Metastasis remains the most deadly aspect of cancer and still evades direct treatment. Thus, there is a great need to develop new treatment regimens to suppress tumor cells that have escaped surgical removal or that may have already disseminated. We have found that tetrandrine (TET) exhibits anticolon cancer activity. Here, we investigate the inhibition(More)
In the present study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) coupled to electrospray ionization (ESI(+)) tandem mass spectrometry (MS) was developed to identify and characterize the diarylheptanoids in the supercritical fluid extract (SFE) of Alpinia officinarum. The method established provides good reproducibility of UPLC and shows high precision(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare hereditary renal cystic disease involving multiple organs, mainly the kidney and liver. Parents who had an affected child with ARPKD are in strong demand for an early and reliable prenatal diagnosis to guide the future pregnancies. Here we provide an example of prenatal diagnosis of an ARPKD(More)
Opitz G/BBB syndrome (OS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease. We report on an OS patient with a novel inherited mutation in MID1. Metaphase analysis showed a normal male karyotype. Array CGH revealed a maternally inherited duplication at Xp22.31 (6,467,203-7,992,261, hg18), the size was estimated to 1.5Mb. Sequence analysis of the MID1 coding region(More)
PURPOSE This study demonstrates noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) using a newly developed haplotype-based approach. METHODS Eight families at risk for DMD were recruited for this study. Parental haplotypes were constructed using target-region sequencing data from the parents and the probands. Fetal haplotypes were(More)
BACKGROUND Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) are X-linked recessive disorders caused by mutation in dystrophin gene. We reported 3-year clinic experience from a single hospital in Shanghai using multiplex ligation dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay to detect DMD mutations. METHODS Four hundred and fifty-one males and 184 females,(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a screening program for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) carriers, and to assess the carrier frequency and detection rate in Shanghai region. METHODS Quantitative analysis of the SMN1 gene by real-time PCR was developed using specimens from 15 SMA patients and 76 SMA parents from 38 affected nuclear families. A pilot screening was(More)
Rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations are likely to affect many ecosystems worldwide. However, to what extent elevated CO2 will induce evolutionary changes in photosynthetic organisms is still a major open question. Here, we show rapid microevolutionary adaptation of a harmful cyanobacterium to changes in inorganic carbon (Ci) availability. We studied the(More)