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We propose a broad measure of liquidity for the overall financial market by exploiting its connection with the amount of arbitrage capital in the market and the potential impact on price deviations in US Treasurys. When arbitrage capital is abundant, we expect the arbitrage forces to smooth out the Treasury yield curve and keep the dispersion low. During(More)
Electrical and pharmacological stimulation methods are commonly used to study neuronal brain circuits in vivo, but are problematic, because electrical stimulation has limited specificity, while pharmacological activation has low temporal resolution. A recently developed alternative to these methods is the use of optogenetic techniques, based on the(More)
The binding interaction between alpinetin and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in physiological buffer solution (pH 7.4) was investigated by fluorescence, UV-vis spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. It was proved from fluorescence spectra that the fluorescence quenching of BSA by alpinetin was probably a result of the formation of(More)
Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR4,7,8) are widely distributed in the basal ganglia. Injection of group III mGluR agonists into the striatopallidal complex alleviates parkinsonian symptoms in 6-hydroxydopamine-treated rats. In vitro rodent studies have suggested that this may be partly due to modulation of synaptic transmission at(More)
W propose a two-stage game-theoretic approach to study the operations of an airline alliance in which independent carriers, managing different reservation and information systems, can collaboratively market and operate codeshare and interline itineraries. In the first-stage game, airlines negotiate fixed proration rates to share the revenues generated by(More)
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) receives a dopaminergic innervation from the substantia nigra pars compacta, but the role of this projection remains poorly understood, particularly in primates. To address this issue, we used immuno-electron microscopy to localize D1, D2, and D5 dopamine receptors in the STN of rhesus macaques and studied the(More)
UNLABELLED The role of the corticothalamic projection in the ventral motor thalamus remains poorly understood. Therefore, we studied the electrophysiological responses of neurons in the basal ganglia and cerebellar receiving-territories of the motor thalamus (BGMT and CbMT, respectively) using optogenetic activation of corticothalamic projections in awake(More)
The interaction between carbaryl and calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) was investigated under simulated physiological conditions (Tris-HCl buffer of pH 7.4) using ethidium bromide (EB) dye as a probe by UV-vis absorption, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, as well as DNA melting studies and viscosity measurements. It can be concluded that carbaryl(More)
Daunomycin (DM) is a clinically used antitumor anthracycline antibiotic, which is transported primarily by human serum albumin (HSA) in the blood. Binding characteristics are therefore of interest for both the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of DM. A new optical biosensor technique based on the resonant mirror was used to characterize interaction of(More)
A novel Gram-reaction-positive, aerobic and non-spore-forming rod-shaped bacterial strain, YS17T, was isolated from ripened Pu'er tea. Growth of the strain was observed at 15-50 °C (optimum 30-37 °C) and at pH 5.5-10.5 (optimum 6.0-9.5). Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain represented a member of the genus(More)