Xing Gong

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Bacterial DNA and related synthetic immunostimulatory oligodeoxyribonucleotides (ISS-ODN) stimulate innate immunity. However, the molecular recognition mechanism that initiates signaling in response to bacterial DNA and ISS-ODN has not been identified. Herein, we demonstrate that administration of bacterial DNA and ISS-ODN to mice lacking the catalytic(More)
BACKGROUND A liver-derived protein, fetuin-A, was first purified from calf fetal serum in 1944, but its potential role in lethal systemic inflammation was previously unknown. This study aims to delineate the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of hepatic fetuin-A expression during lethal systemic inflammation (LSI), and investigated whether(More)
BACKGROUND LGR6 (leucine-rich repeat containing, G protein-coupled receptor 6) is a member of the rhodopsin-like seven transmembrane domain receptor superfamily with the highest homology to LGR4 and LGR5. LGR6 was found as one of the novel genes mutated in colon cancer through total exon sequencing and its promoter region is hypermethylated in 20-50% of(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) replicates within the human macrophages and we investigated the activating effects of retinoic acid (RA) and vitamin D(3) (VD) on macrophages in relation to the viability of intracellular Mtb. A combination of these vitamins (RAVD) enhanced the levels of DC-SIGN and mannose receptors on THP-1 macrophages that increased(More)
Chemotherapy-related cognitive deficits are a major neurological problem, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The death of neural stem/precursor cell (NSC) by cisplatin has been reported as a potential cause, but this requires high doses of chemotherapeutic agents. Cisplatin is frequently used in modern oncology, and it achieves high concentrations(More)
LGR4 is an R-spondin receptor with strong positive effect on Wnt signaling. It plays a critical role in development as its ablation in the mouse led to total embryonic/neonatal lethality with profound defects in multiple organs. Haplotype insufficiency of LGR4 in human was associated with several diseases, including increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma(More)
The interactions between genetic and environmental factors play a major role in the development of childhood asthma. We hypothesized that a pre-existing Th2/asthmatic response can promote Th2 responses to newly encountered Ags (i.e., phenotype spread). To test this hypothesis, we developed a mouse model in which the requirements for the induction and(More)
Retaspimycin hydrochloride (IPI-504), an Hsp90 (heat shock protein 90) inhibitor, has shown activity in multiple preclinical cancer models, such as lung, breast and ovarian cancers. However, its biological effects in gliomas and normal brain derived cellular populations remain unknown. In this study, we profiled the expression pattern of Hsp90α/β mRNA in(More)
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