Xindao Yin

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How to reduce the radiation dose delivered to the patients has always been a important concern since the introduction of computed tomography (CT). Though clinically desired, low-dose CT images can be severely degraded by the excessive quantum noise under extremely low X-ray dose circumstances. Bayesian statistical reconstructions outperform the traditional(More)
In CT, ionizing radiation exposure from the scan has attracted much concern from patients and doctors. This work is aimed at improving head CT images from low-dose scans by using a fast Dictionary learning (DL) based post-processing. Both Low-dose CT (LDCT) and Standard-dose CT (SDCT) nonenhanced head images were acquired in head examination from a(More)
In positron emission tomography, transmission scans can be performed to estimate attenuation correction factors (ACFs) which are in turn used to correct the emission scans. And such an attenuation correction is crucial for quantitatively accurate PET reconstructions. The prior model used in this work was based on our assumption that the attenuation values(More)
Intrapulmonary myelolipoma is a rare, benign tumor composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic cells. To the best of our knowledge, 10 cases of intrapulmonary myelolipoma, including the present case, have been reported to date, and the majority have focused on the pathological diagnosis of the disease. The radiological features of(More)
Myocardial bridge and proximal stenosis in hypertensive patients hypertension in and a higher mean age of our patients. The arterial pressure is increased in the artery proximal to the bridge and the blood flow pattern also changes. These factors, in turn, could cause tension on the arterial intima and may cause or worsen preexisting atherosclerosis [5].(More)
Cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is a reliable and accurate tool for diagnosis of coronary artery diseases and is also frequently used in surgery guidance. Low-dose scans should be considered in order to alleviate the harm to patients caused by X-ray radiation. However, low dose CT (LDCT) images tend to be degraded by quantum noise and streak artifacts. In(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of combined direct and indirect CT venography (combined CTV) in the detection of lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT). The institutional review board approved the study protocol, and patients or qualifying family members provided informed consent. A total of 96 consecutive patients undergoing(More)
PURPOSE Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have demonstrated the disruptions of multiple brain networks in tinnitus patients. Nonetheless, several studies found no differences in network processing between tinnitus patients and healthy controls (HCs). Its neural bases are poorly understood. To identify aberrant brain network(More)
The aim of the proposed work is to improve low-dose lung CT (LDCT) screening using the processing of weighted intensity averaging over large-scale neighborhoods (WIA-LN). Both current and voltage reductions were considered for LDCT imaging. In the WIA-LN method, the processed pixel intensities are calculated by weighted averaging intensities among a large(More)
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