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Insertional mutagenesis of Arabidopsis ecotype C24 was used to identify a novel mutant, designated wax2, that had alterations in both cuticle membrane and cuticular waxes. Arabidopsis mutants with altered cuticle membrane have not been reported previously. Compared with the wild type, the cuticle membrane of wax2 stems weighed 20.2% less, and when viewed(More)
Expression profiles of nine rice heat shock protein genes (OsHSPs) were analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The nine genes exhibited distinctive expression in different organs. Expression of nine OsHSP genes was affected differentially by abiotic stresses and abscisic acid (ABA). All nine OsHSP genes were(More)
Rice at reproductive stage is more sensitive to environmental changes, and little is known about the mechanism of heat response in rice panicle. Here, using rice microarray, we provided a time course gene expression profile of rice panicle at anther developmental stage 8 after 40°C treatment for 0 min, 20 min, 60 min, 2 h, 4 h, and 8 h. The identified(More)
Drought is the major abiotic stress limiting crop production. Plant cuticle represents the outer-most layer of the epidermis and plays an important role in decreasing plant water loss under drought stress by restricting non-stomatal transpiration. We report here that the Wax Synthesis Regulatory 2 gene (OsWR2) in rice (Oryza sativa L.) is highly expressed(More)
Insertional mutagenesis of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) was used to identify a novel recessive mutant, designated resurrection1 (rst1), which possesses a dramatic alteration in its cuticular waxes and produces shrunken nonviable seeds due to arrested embryo development. The RST1 gene sequence associated with these phenotypes was verified by three(More)
During the long evolutionary process, plant gradually formed a series of strategies and mechanisms to cope with stress environment such as drought, heat, cold, and high salinity. Six highly heat responsive genes were identified in rice by microarray data analysis. The qRT-PCR analysis confirmed that the expression of these six genes were highly heat(More)
Rice is the most important food crop worldwide. Global warming inevitably affects the grain yields of rice. Recent proteomics studies in rice have provided evidence for better understanding the mechanisms of thermal adaptation. Heat stress response in rice is complicated, involving up- or down-regulation of numerous proteins related to different metabolic(More)
Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play an important role in plant stress tolerance. We previously reported that expression of OsHsp17.0 and OsHsp23.7 could be enhanced by heat shock treatment and/or other abiotic stresses. In this paper, stress tolerance assays of transgenic rice plants overexpressing OsHsp17.0 and OsHsp23.7 have been carried out. Both(More)
Flag leaf is one of the key photosynthesis organs during rice reproductive stage. A time course microarray analysis of rice flag leaf was done after 40°C treatment for 0 min, 20 min, 60 min, 2h, 4h, and 8h. The identified significant heat responsive genes were mainly involved in transcriptional regulation, transport, protein binding, antioxidant, and stress(More)
To comprehend the gene expression profile in rice panicle under high temperature, Agilent 4×44K rice oligo microarray experiments were carried out using rice post-meiosis panicle treated at 40 centigrade degree for 0 min, 10 min, 20 min, 60 min, and 2 h. The time course differentially expressed genes under heat stress were mainly involved in protein(More)