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Co-infection of tuberculosis and parasitic diseases in humans is an important public problem in co-endemic areas in developing countries. However, there is a paucity of studies on co-infection and even fewer reviews. This review examines 44 appropriate papers by PRISMA from 289 papers searched in PubMed via the NCBI Entrez system (no grey literature) up to(More)
BACKGROUND Men who have sex with men (MSM) have become one of the most risky populations for HIV infection in China. Though several cross-sectional sero-prevalence studies have been conducted, the annual HIV incidence remains unknown in this population. METHODS We applied IgG-capture BED-enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA) to define the recent HIV-1 infections(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the therapeutic effects of single- and combined-modality therapy on bone metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS Seventy patients with bone metastasis of non-small-cell lung cancer were treated with one of the therapeutic modalities of radiotherapy, radioisotope, chemotherapy or medication with Bonefos respectively, while(More)
BACKGROUND Although seasonal variation in tuberculosis (TB) incidence has been described in many countries, it remains unknown in China. METHODS A time series decomposition analysis (X-12-ARIMA) was performed to examine the seasonal variation in active TB cases nationwide from 2005 through 2012 in China. Seasonal amplitude was calculated for the(More)
BACKGROUND The report of the fifth national tuberculosis (TB) epidemiological survey in P. R. China, 2010, roughly showed that pulmonary TB (PTB) prevalence was higher in western China than in central and eastern China. However, accurately estimating the continuous spatial variations of PTB prevalence and clearly understanding factors impacting on spatial(More)
BACKGROUND It is estimated that there are about 74,000 primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients per year according to the prevalence of MDR-TB of 5.7% among new TB patients in China. Thus, the risks of primary transmission of MDR-TB require further attention. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with primary transmission of(More)
Epidemiologic studies of co-infection with tuberculosis (TB) and intestinal parasites in humans have not been extensively investigated in China. A cross-section study was conducted in a rural county of Henan Province, China. Pulmonary TB (PTB) case-patients receiving treatment for infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and healthy controls matched for(More)
BACKGROUND The current prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) in the People's Republic of China (P. R. China) demonstrates geographical heterogeneities, which show that the TB prevalence in the remote areas of Western China is more serious than that in the coastal plain of Eastern China. Although a lot of ecological studies have been applied in the exploration on(More)
BACKGROUND In county-level tuberculosis (TB) dispensaries in China, the accurate diagnosis of sputum smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (SNPT) needs to be improved by developing and validating clinical and radiographic predictors. METHODS The study was conducted simultaneously in three counties per province in Chongqing Municipality and Liaoning(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the factors associated with retention in a community-based methadone maintenance treatment(MMT) among drug users in Urumqi. METHODS With national MMT guideline( drift) for heroine addicted drug users, local heroine-dependent people were admitted to community-based MMT program affiliated to Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region Center for(More)