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OBJECTIVE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex chronic inflammatory disease involving oxidative stress as well as a wide variety of cells activated from smoking cigarettes. There have been disappointingly few therapeutic advances in drug therapy for COPD. Plant polyphenols have been the topic of much research regarding their antioxidant(More)
We evaluated two bone marrow-derived dendritic cell (DC) populations from NOD mice, the murine model for type 1 human diabetes. DCs derived from GM-CSF [granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor] + interleukin (IL)-4 cultures expressed high levels of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II, CD40, CD80, and CD86 molecules and were efficient(More)
Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is a cytosolic protein present only in differentiated intestinal epithelial cells. Here we report on an intestinal cell culture system expressing I-FABP during cell differentiation and the modulation of expression by extracellular factors. An I-FABP-expressing cell line (hBRIE 380i) was generated from Berkeley(More)
Increased levels of agalactosyl IgG (G0 IgG) are found in several autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, in which they are correlated with severity of the disease. To investigate whether structural alteration of IgG may lead to aberrant processing and presentation of IgG peptides as autoantigens, we have studied uptake of G0 IgG by human(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a proinflammatory cytokine that induces apoptosis in a number of cell systems, including osteoblasts. Simvastatin is a potent 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor known as a stimulator for bone formation via promoting osteoblast differentiation and mineralization. This study was designed to(More)
Despite intensive studies focused on the pathophysiology of asthmatic inflammation, little is known about how cross-talk between neuroendocrine and immune systems regulates the inflammatory response during an asthmatic attack. We recently showed corresponding changes of cytokines and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in brain and lung tissues of antigen-challenged(More)
In response to endothelial cell activation, arachidonic acid can be converted by cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which have potent vasodilator and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the effects of exogenous EETs on cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced inflammation in human bronchial(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS), the major cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, contains a variety of oxidative components that were implicated in the regulation of Src homology domain 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 2 (Shp2) activity. However, the contribution of Shp2 enzyme to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease pathogenesis remains unclear.(More)
M(3) muscarinic receptors are localized on inflammatory cells, airway smooth muscle, and submucosal glands, known to mediate bronchoconstriction, mucus secretion, and airway remodeling. It is hypothesized bencycloquidium bromide (BCQB), a novel M(3) receptor antagonist, might have potential effects on airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation and airway(More)
In this study we have investigated the antagonist affinity, efficacy and duration of action of bencycloquidium bromide (BCQB), a selective muscarinic M(3) receptor antagonist, as a possible clinical bronchodilator for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. In competition studies, BCQB showed high affinity toward the M(3)(More)